The total number of HIV-infected in Russia is 1.06 million people. For six months of 2019, the indicator grew by 47 thousand people. This was told by the head of the Federal Scientific and Methodological Center for the Prevention and Control of HIV Infection Vadim Pokrovsky with reference to Rospotrebnadzor.
According to the agency, the most infected in Russia among men aged 30-40 years are 4%. The highest percentage of infections among women is 2% in the group of 30-35 years old.
The most common cause of infection is sex between a man and a woman. Of the cases detected in 2019, 57% were infected by heterosexual contacts, from 40 to 41% – when using drugs, and from 2 to 3% – during homosexual contacts. Pokrovsky also mentioned cases of infection in the provision of medical care, however, according to him, for three years in Russia there were only 62 such incidents.
At the same time, less than half a million people from those registered and confirmed the diagnosis undergo HIV treatment in Russia. In this case, the figure may differ from reality, since some first receive, and then abandon therapy.
According to Pokrovsky, in 2018, the authorities purchased drugs for 400 thousand annual courses of treatment. Therefore, in 2019, the figure is unlikely to exceed 500 thousand courses, the academician believes.
As noted at Interfax, the numbers of Rospotrebnadzor turned out to be close to the data of the Ministry of Health. In 2018, the agency reported 961.7 thousand registered cases of infection, and by 2019, 65.7 thousand new cases were added to the registry.
Pokrovsky explained that the difference is due to the characteristics of accounting for infected people. The Ministry of Health considers only those who are registered in their system and went to the doctor, while the Rospotrebnadzor allegedly has statistics on the cases detected.
At the same time, neither the figures of the Ministry of Health, nor the data of Rospotrebnadzor do not reflect the real number of infected. Since HIV in most cases is asymptomatic for a long time, many infected people may not be aware of their status.