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From disease to overspending: what threatens Russia due to global warming – the main thing from a BBC study

The temperature in Russia rises 2.5 times faster than global warming.

Photo by Vera Costamo, RIA Novosti

The Russian BBC service explained in detail why Russia had ratified the Paris climate agreement three years later. Experts interviewed by the publication found that there was no other way: global warming is affecting the economy, infrastructure and agriculture. But in practice, ratification may not affect anything.

  • The average surface air temperature in Russia rises at a rate of 0.43 degrees Celsius over 10 years. This exceeds the rate of global warming by more than 2.5 times;
  • The worst situation is in the Arctic – the thickness of sea ice there has decreased on average by 40% since the 1980s;
  • Permafrost occupies more than 60% of the territory of Russia. Its melting threatens damage to pipelines, roads, railways, power lines. To avoid this, you will have to use more expensive technical solutions. Now, up to 55 billion rubles a year are spent on servicing pipelines in permafrost areas;
  • In several northern cities, from 20% to 100% of buildings were deformed due to permafrost thinning;
  • On the one hand, the climate in Russia will become milder, and the heating season will be shorter. On the other hand, we will encounter overheating of buildings in a warm period. Air conditioning costs will increase, and this is more expensive than heating;
  • Although the number of diseases associated with hypothermia will decrease, heat contributes to the spread of epidemics, diseases and mortality in risk groups;
  • According to forecasts, due to climatic factors in the second half of the XXI century in the south of Russia, productivity will decrease significantly;
  • Opponents of the signing of the Paris Agreement – mainly industrialists – believe that it will harm the economy. Putin does not believe that people influence climate change. Therefore, the decision, according to the BBC, could be taken due to reputation risks and the introduction of carbon duties;
  • According to the agreement, Russia called its goal of reducing emissions by 70-75% compared with the 1990 level. In fact, after the collapse of the USSR, emissions already fell to this level, so now they can, on the contrary, increase;
  • The European Union is discussing the introduction of a tax on the products of countries that do not regulate carbon emissions. Since Russia’s current economic model is based on the sale of fossil fuels, exports will suffer in the coming decades, say researchers at the HSE and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Russia has joined the fight against global …Russia ratified the Paris Agreement three years later. This puzzled many, because the president … WWW.BBC.COM

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