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Elon Musk and co-investors have invested a billion dollars in the creation of artificial intelligence

A group of well-known Silicon Valley investors, including PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel, head of Y Combinator Sam Altman, and head of Tesla Motors and SpaceX Elon Musk, have created a non-profit organization OpenAI that will do research in artificial intelligence. This is reported in the company’s blog .

According to representatives of OpenAI, today’s systems, which are commonly called artificial intelligence (AI), already show impressive results, but their area of ​​application is narrow. The company noted that the greatest breakthrough from the times of algorithms that calculated the moves in the game of chess brought machine learning and its particular case, “ deep learning ” – a set of mechanisms that independently determine what to do with the input information of the data due to the nonlinearly transformed data architecture.

“Deep learning” has made possible projects such as recreating the style of artists based on their past work, “ nursery for robots ” and “finding” objects in images . However, OpenAI states that if you gradually “grind” these algorithms and make them universal, in the end, you can come to an artificial intelligence that can independently solve any mental task instead of a person.

The researchers noted that the nature of artificial intelligence is still unpredictable, and even the approximate time frame for creating a perfectly functioning system is pointless to call.

Representatives of OpenAI explained why the organization decided to give a non-commercial character: its work and patents will be publicly available, and the technology will be developed and applied in conjunction with other companies.

Because of the unpredictable history of AI, it is difficult to predict when the AI ​​level of human abilities will be available. But when it appears, it is important that we have a leading research institute that prefers benefits to the whole society instead of personal interests.

OpenAI representatives

OpenAI is headed by Ilya Sutskever, one of the most famous machine learning experts in the world. He was the co-founder of DNNResearch, engaged in the recognition of objects and images, while the company in 2013 did not buy Google. After this, Sutzkever worked in the Google Brain team.

OpenAI CTO – Greg Brockman (Greg Brockman), who until May worked in a similar position at Stripe, a company engaged in the integration of electronic payment systems like Apple Pay. The Business Insider publication called Stripe “one of the hottest startups in San Francisco”: the company has attracted more than $ 3.5 billion in investment.

Elon Musk, along with Sam Altman, president of the famous Y Combinator venture capital fund, are co-chairs of the OpenAI board of directors. Musk, Altman, Thiel, Amazon Web Services, Infosys, YC Research and other investors together have invested a billion dollars in OpenAI. Nevertheless, the company expects to spend only a small part of this amount in the next few years.

In an interview with journalist Stephen Levy (Steven Levi), Altman, Brockman and Musk said that with the help of OpenAI, they expect to compete with global companies so that the future superintelligence is not in the hands of a single corporation, which in its decisions is guided by profit, and not benefit for humanity .

We simply thought: “Is there any way to make sure that the AI ​​will be developed for the benefit of all, or at least contribute to this?” And after many discussions, we came to the conclusion that the creation of a non-profit, tax-free and not having The organization’s profit maximization goals will probably be a good start. And, of course, we will be focused on security.

Elon Musk, head of Tesla Motors and SpaceX

According to Altman, in the future it will be necessary to think about who will oversee the inventions of OpenAI so that they do not fall into evil hands. Musk also stated that he would visit the OpenAI office once a week or two to keep abreast of developments and give comments on them.

In June 2014, Elon Musk told that he feared the emergence of “evil” artificial intelligence, and therefore keeps abreast of research in this area. In August, the head of Tesla Motors and SpaceX compared the danger of an “improperly operating” AI with nuclear weapons, and mankind called it “a biological loader for the digital supermind”.

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