Do not threaten to change the Constitution, provoking protests in his neighborhood.
Venezuela is ranked 166 out of 176 countries in the rating of corruption perception according to Transparency International (Russia ranks 131st). The economic crisis in the South American country, against which protests are taking place, has affected the most everyday needs of citizens.
Locals complain about the lack of food, which is cheaper for the authorities to buy abroad, rather than invest in their production. For example, Russia agreed from August 2017 to supply at least 60 thousand tons of wheat to Venezuela every month.
According to the study of the Catholic charitable organization “Caritas”, 11.4% of children under five suffer from “moderate and severe” malnutrition, another 48% – “risk starving.” International assistance Maduro habitually rejects.
The US embassy in Venezuela, before the elections, recommended that its citizens, who are in the country, stock up on water and food. During the protests, small and medium-sized businesses in Caracas temporarily shut down many establishments.
On the news that the US could extend sanctions against the oil industry of Venezuela, the cost of world oil rose to $ 52.8 per barrel (Brent) and 50.27 (WTI). In general, the first market reaction recognized low-key. However, the shortage of crude oil, the constant interruptions in electricity and the shortage of spare parts is already observed. If the restrictions are still introduced, the supply on the market will decrease and oil prices will increase again.
How the world responded
Countries such as Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Spain and Peru did not recognize the results of the elections in Venezuela. Cuba, Bolivia and Nicaragua congratulated the government.
The United States imposed personal sanctions against Maduro, arresting those assets of the president that are under the jurisdiction of the United States. The US ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, considered the election a fiction, Trump, according to the adviser, “an outrageous seizure of power”, and the State Department called the power in Venezuela “authoritarian architects”.
The European Union, like the United States, condemned the violence before the elections to the Venezuelan parliament and warned the local authorities of this act. The EU also criticized the government of Maduro for the arrest of two opposition leaders, who in the morning of August 1 were taken from home and placed in a military prison.
Russia has not officially responded to the elections in Venezuela. The last official conversation between Vladimir Putin and Nicolas Maduro dates back to July 10 – then the heads of state discussed protests in the South American country, including. Earlier, Putin wished Maduro “success in efforts to normalize the situation.”
On Russian federal television, the situation was not hushed up , but sometimes served with a characteristic tinge. For example, in “ Russia 24 ” they said that “the reason for the sanctions is not difficult to guess. According to the United States, this country is threatened by the undermining of democracy, which means that the United States must intervene. ”