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In Venezuela, the oldest printed newspaper has ceased to appear. Journalists accused President Maduro 

After 75 years of existence, the publication retained only the Internet version.

The woman is holding the latest print edition of the newspaper El Nacional, which went on sale on December 14, 2018, with the headline “El Nacional is a warrior and will continue to fight.” Photo: Federico Parra, AFP / Getty Images

The El Nacional daily newspaper was published without interruption from August 3, 1943 to December 14, 2018. On this day, the publication announced the abandonment of the print version and the transition to Internet broadcasting. The management of the publication stated that, first of all, this was influenced by the actions of the authorities led by President Nicolas Maduro: attempts to censor, create obstacles in production and pressure on journalists.

In general, according to the publication, the actions of the Maduro regime led to the closure or change of the editorial policy of at least 99 television and radio stations and 33 newspapers, as well as the legal prosecution of more than 50 journalists.

Venezuela has now ceased its own production of newsprint, and therefore it has to be imported. Imported paper is distributed between publications according to government quotas.

In an interview with the Spanish newspaper ABC, Chief Editor of the newspaper Miguel Henrique Otero noted that this had a significant impact on the work of the publication. According to the editor, the authorities also used the services of colectivos – pro-government organized criminal gangs that harassed journalists and attacked newspaper offices.

In his address to readers in the latest issue of the newspaper, Otero assured: despite going online, the newspaper “will continue to do what it was born in digital form and tell the truth to its readers.”

[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]This decision is the result of many years of harassment by the government. It tried to shut us down, it put pressure on us. In response, we went to court, and some of our employees, for example, members of the editorial board, had to leave the country.[/perfectpullquote]
Miguel Enrique Otero
editor in chief of the newspaper El Nacional

In 2013, when Nicolas Maduro took office as president of Venezuela, the daily circulation of El Nacional was 80 thousand copies, the circulation of the Sunday issue was 200 thousand.

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