Self-guided cars will be singled out with a special sign, they are asked not to touch, not to try to take pictures and not to cross the road in front of them.
At the beginning of 2019 in Moscow, they will start testing unmanned vehicles of Yandex, KamAZ, MADI and participants of the Winter City competition. For ordinary drivers and pedestrians, they came up with special rules for communicating with self-driving cars. This was said Jaroslav Fedoseyev, a spokesman for the organization, “Avtonet”, which acted as a technical consultant for the project.
According to Fedoseyev, Yandex will test about 200 cars in Moscow and Tatarstan. In the capital, drones will travel throughout the city, including the Third Transport Ring and the Moscow Ring Road. A spokesman noted that it is important to collect “maximum information about the behavior of AI in different conditions of the city.”
Testing will last until March 2022. For three years, participants and organizers must determine the targets, specifications of UAVs and understand how they behave on the roads.
[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]It will be necessary to consider the possibilities of commercial use of the drone. In particular, the possibility of launching unmanned taxis is a priority.[/perfectpullquote]
Fedoseev noted that artificial intelligence machines will follow the rules of the road better than people. For example, where, with a limit of 40 kilometers per hour, many will accelerate to 50 km / h, because there is no penalty for this, the unmanned vehicle will not go beyond the permitted limits.
During testing, all the machines will sit engineers who can intercept the steering wheel. All unmanned vehicles are marked with the sign “A” – it means autonomous driving.
“Avtonet” also developed a list of rules for how to behave with drones for pedestrians and drivers of conventional cars. For example, the organization does not recommend distracting from the road to take pictures of a drone or distract an engineer in a car.
Rules of “communication” with the drone
- If at the intersection you see an unmanned vehicle, then strictly follow the traffic rules at the traffic lights (for “yellow” – stand still);
- Do not lean out of the window and do not wave your hands in front of the drone;
- Be sure to use turn signals and other flashing lights when performing maneuvers. Automated transport reads them and determines the future path and speed, based on the data;
- Do not try to draw the attention of an automated vehicle pilot to yourself, signaling for no reason;
- Drivers of motorcycles should not, passing near the UAVs, try to touch an automated vehicle;
- Keep calm. Do not be distracted from the road, trying to shoot a functioning drone on the video;
- As a precaution, do not try to run across in front of the drone, even if you see a “zebra”;
- When you cross the roadway, be as concentrated as possible, look to the sides, as a car with letter “A” may appear at any time;
- Pedestrians should make the transition only on the appropriate markings, keeping a safe distance of intersection;
- When crossing the roadway, it is better to remove the hood (or other items of clothing that limit visibility) and not to use devices like headphones, headsets, and others that may also interfere with the perception of the environment.
From December 1, manufacturers of self-managed cars can submit an application for certification of transport in “NAMI”. Before this, the company must insure each car for 10 million rubles, and also have a share capital of at least 100 million rubles.
According to the results of the certification, the company may receive road clearance, and the documents will be passed to the Ministry of Internal Affairs for registration of the car. After that, the drone can begin testing in urban environments.
[perfectpullquote align=”right” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]The government announced the testing of unmanned vehicles on the Russian roads 2019 year [/perfectpullquote]
Experts are confident that the resolution is being prepared in the interests of Yandex and large companies.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade has published a draft government decree “On conducting an experiment on trial operation on public roads for highly automated vehicles.” The experiment will take place from March 1, 2019 to March 1, 2022 in Moscow and Tatarstan. It lies in the fact that cars with systems that do not require “physical influence from the driver” will drive through the streets.
The document lists the procedure for allowing unmanned vehicles to be on the road. To do this, the company owning the car must have an authorized capital of at least 100 million rubles. The machine will be equipped with systems for “continuous video recording of the driver’s actions and the surrounding traffic situation” and a button for “activating and deactivating the automated driving system”, which the driver can press without releasing the seat belts.
To participate, it is necessary to submit an application to the Federal State Unitary Enterprise NAMI with a list of unmanned vehicles (there should be no more than 200 in one region) and a list of insuring drivers with at least three years of experience and without deprivation of rights. After testing, NAMI will issue a certificate of machine compliance with safety requirements. The car will need to be registered in the traffic police with a note that the design has been modified to conduct a “legal experiment.” After that, the car will be able to go out. The driver must fill out a waybill with the route, as well as record and transmit all traffic parameters to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and US. Responsibility for accidents during the experiment is the owner of the car.
The press service of Yandex supported the document, the press service of KamAZ stated that they were “interested in the document.” Olga Uskova, president of Cognitive Technologies’s UAV technology developer, said the project is being prepared in the interests of several large companies, including Yandex.
[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]The admission to experiment is based on financial, but not technological opportunities of the company. There are several dozen small startups working in the field of autonomous technologies in Russia, but the authorized capital of 100 million rubles is available to very few people. If the resolution is adopted in this form, the Russian market for these start-ups will be closed, they will have to go abroad, Russia will lose excellent specialists.[/perfectpullquote]
A Kommersant source familiar with the situation confirmed that the experiment was prepared specifically for Yandex. In the pilot project, you can only use a model that is equipped with sensors and cameras, and Yandex runs according to this criterion. The press service of STI Avtonet, whose working group is developing the project, said that the decree was prepared “for all developers of highly automated vehicles.”