The state corporation admitted that due to the sanctions it was not able to purchase “high-quality equipment”.
Roscosmos published a report on work for 2017, in which it explained the failure to implement the plan and the failure of start-ups due to delays from Ukraine, the “weak ruble” and the activities of SpaceX. Among the achievements, the “preservation of the leading positions of Russia” in the market of space launches, the creation of its own orbital grouping and the construction of facilities at the Vostochny cosmodrome are noted.
The table attached to the document shows the rationale for deviations from the planned indicators. For example, in 2017 it was assumed that Russia would occupy 24.5% of the share of world exports of rocket and space technology, but Roskosmos fulfilled only a third of the plan .
The reason for the failure was called the sanctions of Western countries – they prevented the Russian spacecraft from being equipped with “high-quality imported equipment”, as well as the weakening of the ruble.
Of the 25 vehicles in 2017, Roskosmos was able to launch only 17, excluding four military missions. In three cases, failures of launches were explained by the delay on the part of Ukrainian manufacturers in the production of launch vehicles or components.
In 2017, Russia’s share in the production of space technology reached 7.1% instead of the planned 7.7%. This was explained by a reduction in budget financing .
According to Roskosmos, private companies from the United States also influenced the decline of Russia’s competitiveness, primarily SpaceX Ilona Mask with Falcon rockets. The report notes that firms entered the launch services market “with state assistance” and with “dumping” prices .
On November 6, it became known that Kazakhstan chose the SpaceX Falcon 9 from SpaceX for its next launch instead of the Soyuz because it is cheaper. According to media reports, the country paid only $ 1.3 million for this, although the Falcon 9 launch usually costs $ 62 million, and the use of the Russian Proton-M rocket – $ 70 million.
In the summer of 2018, the head of the Accounts Chamber, Alexei Kudrin, saidthat 40% of all budgetary irregularities in 2017 fell on Roskosmos. The inspections of the department formed the basis of several criminal cases against employees of the enterprises of the Lavochkin Scientific-Production Association and the RSC Energia.