Most often, the virus was transmitted through heterosexual sexual contact and drug use.
The European Regional Bureau of the World Health Organization (WHO) published a report, according to which in 2017 Russia ranked first in terms of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus among European countries. In Russia, 71.1 new cases of HIV infection per 100 thousand people were detected.
[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]HIV cases diagnosed for the first time in two countries (the Russian Federation and Ukraine) account for 75% of all cases in the WHO European Region and 92% in the east of the region.[/perfectpullquote]
For the year, scientists have recorded 160 thousand new cases, of which 130 thousand are in Eastern Europe. Of these, 104,000 diagnoses were registered in Russia.
[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]The most common infection occurred through heterosexual sexual contact (59%) and injecting drug use (30%).[/perfectpullquote]
The second place in the WHO list was taken by Ukraine, where 37 cases of HIV were found in the same period. Next come Belarus (26.1 cases) and Moldova (20.6). The lowest rates were found for Slovenia (1.9), Slovakia (1.3) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (0.3).
In addition, experts noted that the number of cases in Western Europe has decreased. Scientists have linked the trend with programs that involve frequent and targeted HIV tests. This makes it possible to start treatment as soon as possible.
The AIDS Center of Rospotrebnadzor cited data on which over 944 thousand people with HIV infection live in Russia now.