We often criticize Apple for the fact that the current generation of computers and laptops of the company almost completely exclude an independent upgrade.
But, like it or not, it always has been.
We came across a publication by the American programmer and inventor Andy Herzfeld . It dates back to 1981. Just at that time, he was a senior OS software architect for a Macintosh computer. By the way, his autograph can be found inside the body of the Macintosh 128K.
Back in those early years, the Apple ideology became clear. Closed and not allowing access to internal components to the user with the complete absence of the possibility of self-expanding functionality.
Jobs: No ports or extra slots
With this computer began a total upgrade limit.
The ability to self-expand the functionality of the first Macintosh by installing additional cards in the appropriate slots was considered one of the most controversial points in the development of the computer.
Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak believed that users should be able to upgrade the boards and install additional ones. So Apple II immediately got seven built-in slots for peripheral cards, and the computer architecture itself was designed to fit a wide range of tasks.
Computer Interface Specialist Jeff Raskin and, in fact, the initiator of the Macintosh project, on the contrary, were convinced that slots and ports only impede the development of personal computers, pushing potential buyers away.
Raskin was convinced that a standalone upgrade made it difficult for third-party developers because it would be more difficult for them to develop software. The issue of compatibility of newly installed hardware and software remained critical.
The presence of additional slots on the Macintosh motherboard is something from the Red Book.
So Apple decided to abandon the hardware scaling, avoiding the increase in the cost of their computers, but depriving users of the ability to somehow affect the performance and functionality of their Macintosh.
[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]The position of Steve Jobs in this matter was a descent from Ruskin. According to the founder of Apple, the computer should be enclosed in a tightly closed case, and the average user has nothing to do there.[/perfectpullquote]
Jobs’s position was not shared by Mac software developer Barell Smith or his assistant Brian Howard.
Barrell realized that while Apple would be promoting Macintosh and trying to boost computer sales, he would be outdated. In addition, the completeness of the software remained in question.
Simply put, there was a risk that the Macintosh would enter the market already in a state of outdated computer.
Full set of “closed” from the user Macintosh.
That is why Barrell believed that the Macintosh should receive maximum flexibility and the possibility of further upgrades.
He suggested that the Board of Directors install a single slot in Macintosh that would allow access to the processor bus. Steve Jobs spoke out against it, but Barella was so unstoppable.
He decided to submit the idea of introducing the port under the pretext of saving money in production. The port was called diagnostic , and its use, according to Smith, could significantly facilitate the testing of the device at the production stage.
The inscription on the back of the case as if hints: “Do not go, kill!”
Although Smitht’s proposal was first welcomed with approval, a few weeks later, engineers began teasing the programmer with a “diagnostic port”.
Burrell’s Secret Victory
Thousands of enthusiasts, thanks to Burrell, then calmly upgraded the memory of their Macintsoh 128K. And while saving hundreds of dollars – those that did not work as a result of Apple.
During the release of the Mac with 128 KB of RAM, Burrell was especially worried that this model would very soon become too weak for the buyer. He was well aware that in order to expand the memory, it was enough just to bring out a few extra lines on the board.
With their help, any person who is at least a little friendly with a soldering iron could easily make an independent computer upgrade for a mere penny.
[perfectpullquote align=”full” bordertop=”false” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]Steve Jobs, on the other hand, was categorically opposed to customers having access to the Macintosh hardware. Instead of the possibility of self-updating computer components, an expensive Mac model with 512 KB of RAM was introduced. So Apple could earn on a more advanced version of the Macintosh.[/perfectpullquote]
But Burrell was a very stubborn man.
Realizing that the slot for additional RAM should be, he simply left it on the motherboard. Nobody warned Steve Jobs about this, and the buyers later just said thank you for the opportunity to carry out an independent expansion of memory.
Apple does not change. Hello t2
This chip will soon be hated by all third-party services involved in repairing Apple technology.
Surprisingly, against the background of this story, the events of which took place almost 40 years ago, Apple did release a Mac mini with updated RAM. True, after the “sealed tightly” Mac mini sample 2014 2014 with irreplaceable RAM.
However, the company has a spare trump card in the sleeve. iMac Pro, MacBook Pro 2018and Mac mini – all of these computers come with a T2 chip . And its presence in itself provides for complete control by Apple over any standalone upgrade.
T2 works so that any repair in an unofficial service center, providing for the replacement of components, will result in a complete failure of the computer to boot.
It will be possible to bring it back to life only by testing it on specialized equipment. And there is it only in authorized services.
Apple ideology has not changed over the years. Like 40 years ago, the computers of this company were created exclusively for the user, who should not know what is inside the system unit or the case. [ Folklore ]