Apple has confirmed The Verge, which blocks an unofficial repair of some components, such as the motherboard and Touch ID sensor. At the same time, the company did not disclose the exact list of parts that are subject to restrictions.
According to a document that hit the press in October 2018, in the case of MacBooks, restrictions were applied to the display, motherboard, Touch ID, keyboard, battery, trackpad and speakers. And in iMac Pro unofficial repair of the motherboard and SSD-drive was prohibited.
According to media reports, now, after replacing components, specialists need to run a special program, access to which is available only to employees of authorized service centers. Otherwise, the macbooks were blocked and it became impossible to use them.
However, iFixit specialists independently replaced the displays on the new MacBooks and did not encounter any problems. Replacing the motherboard also did not lead to any consequences, so it is unclear whether the lock is already working or just planned.
In a conversation with The Verge, Apple denied restrictions on replacing the display. According to the publication, iFixit might not have encountered problems when replacing the motherboard, as they took already used components from similar macbooks. Journalists believe that Apple’s restrictions can only apply to unused parts.
IFixit suggested that the company could begin to block repairs at unauthorized centers in order to protect consumers. Perhaps Apple believes that there they can deceive customers and install low-quality equipment during the repair. IFixit representatives also noted that in this way the company can verify that the workshops are using genuine components, not fakes.
The Verge editor Nick Statt also said that Apple most likely wants to make sure that all components are still safe after the repair. To do this, the T2 chip, when loading the device, checks all components for replacement.
Apple noted that in most cases, nothing will change for users and they will be able to repair the devices themselves without any restrictions. As noted in The Verge, most Mac owners could not replace the motherboard or Touch ID sensor on their own. Apple claims that only it distributes such components, and SSDs in macbooks are usually soldered either to the board or to the case, and also cannot be replaced at home.
The T2 chip appeared in the iMac Pro, introduced in 2017. He is responsible for security on Apple computers, including cryptographic keys stored for secure device boot.
During the presentation of the MacBook Pro 2018, the company from the scene said that T2 plays a key role in the work of some functions, for example, Siri’s answer to the phrase “Hello, Siri” without pressing a button. The chip is also responsible for physically turning off the power of the microphones when closing the cover of the macbooks.