Mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians have fallen 60 percent since 1970, according to a report published Monday by the World Wide Fund for Nature
The total population of more than 4,000 species of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians declined rapidly from 1970 to 2014, according to a report by Living Planet 2018, which was prepared by the World Wide Fund for Nature. According to the results of the report, a group of researchers called for the development of an international treaty, modeled on the Paris Climate Agreement, in order to protect wildlife and reverse the human impact on nature.
The crisis is unprecedented in speed and scale. We are talking only about 40 years. This is not even a blink compared to the history of life on Earth. Now that we have the power to control and even destroy nature, we continue to use it, as if we were hunters and gatherers 20,000 years ago, with 21st century technology.
In recent decades, human activity has had a major impact on habitats and natural resources, on which wildlife and humanity depend. The report indicates that 90% of seabirds have plastic in their stomachs, compared with 5% in 1960. In tropical regions of Latin America and the Caribbean, animal life has declined most rapidly: since 1970, the population has decreased by 89%, while species dependent on freshwater habitats, such as frogs and river fishes, have declined by 83%. Borneo deforestation, intended to create forest and palm plantations, led to the loss of 100,000 orangutans from 1999 to 2015. The situation is similar in Latin America, where the eco-region of Serrado is being burned out on a gigantic scale.which is home to many rare species. It is also expected that by 2050 the number of polar bears will decrease by 30%, as global warming is melting the Arctic ice, making their habitats all the more dangerous.
This report sounds like a warning shot. The natural systems necessary for our survival (forests, oceans and rivers) remain in decline. Wildlife around the world continues to shrink. This reminds us of the need to change course. It is time to balance our consumption with the needs of nature and to protect the only planet that is our home.
The destruction of wildlife populations over the past half century is a shocking measure of the impact of humanity on our planet
For the first time since the death of the dinosaurs, we are faced with a global mass extinction of wild animals. We ignore the decline of other species at our own peril and risk, as they are a barometer that shows our influence on the world that supports us. If the world’s population were reduced by 60%, it would be tantamount to the devastation of North America, South America, Africa, Europe, China and Oceania. This is the scale of what we have done.