For example, according to the majority, it is better to knock down an old man than a young guy.
MIT published the results of a study in which test people were asked to choose how a self-managed car should act in the event of an imminent accident. Scientists wanted to find out what moral choice people would make in different situations if they were at the computer site.
Over two million people from 233 regions took part in the testing . Each situation was generated randomly and was a solution to the “problem with the trolley”, when the subjects needed to choose who they would rather kill in a hopeless situation.
Most people chose to save people instead of animals, pedestrians instead of car passengers, as well as those who cross the road in the right place instead of violators. However, it turned out that the choice depends on cultural differences in different countries.
For example, in Latin American countries they preferred to save young people instead of old ones, and in Asia – on the contrary. At the same time, residents of poor countries tolerated pedestrians-violators, saving them as often as those who follow the rules.
Scientists plan to send a study to machine manufacturers and regulators to help them solve the ethical problems of self-management.