7 years later, after the overthrow of the power of Gaddafi in Libya, many of those who stood at the origins of these revolutions do not want or cannot return to the country. They are unwanted persons in their homeland.
Since the beginning of the civil war in Libya, which led to the intervention of NATO forces, the UN Security Council adopted almost 30 different resolutions and published half a dozen presidential statements on the situation in a North African country. They cover almost everything – from the arms embargo to the illegal trade in oil. The state demands the arrest of suspected criminals involved in smuggling people and goods. But the weapons still enter the country, smuggling does not stop, and no one has yet been arrested or prosecuted by the UN. The dangers faced by ordinary Libyans every day, surpass everything they saw until 2011. Libya today is a very dangerous place for its people, as well as for its neighbors thanks to the UN intervention. Legally, the country is holistic,
To control all parties to the conflict, as well as for their subsequent reconciliation, the UN has established the post of special envoy of the organization’s secretary general. The mandate of each representative is 13 months. The current special envoy is the Lebanese-French scientist Gassan Salame. In his report of September 5, it is said that since May 2017, there has been an increase in confrontation in Libya. And on September 4, a fragile truce was reached between the various parties that are in conflict with each other.
Almost in a year of armed conflict, in 2011, many public figures took the side of the rebels as they advanced in the destruction of the Gaddafi regime. One of those figures was Abdurrahman Schalkam, the former ambassador of Libya to the UN. He represented his government headed by the late Moammar Gaddafi. On February 25, 2011 at a meeting of the UN Security Council, Schalke switched his loyalty during the meeting from government support to rebels and openly joined the uprising, calling on the council to “save Libya”, as he put it, instead of defending his government and its leader, Gaddafi . For a representative of the state, it was unprecedented to speak like that against the interests of his country at the UN.
I am sad that today I am in this position. I first heard Muammar Gaddafi in 1959, when he spoke at a secondary school in the south of the country. He spoke of the need to give freedom to the Congo. In 1960, I listened to his speech, in which he denounced the nuclear tests conducted by France in Algeria. In 1961, I listened to his speech against the partition of Syria and Egypt. Today I hear his words: “I will either rule you or destroy you.”
Do not doubt, Libya is one. Libya will remain united. Libya will be a progressive state. But I declare to my brother Gaddafi: “Leave the Libyans alone.” No matter how many kill the representatives of this resilient people, half of whom participated in the struggle against Mussolini and Graziani, even in those days when they were barefoot, hungry and poor, they would not surrender. Libyans will not give up.
Libya was created by a United Nations resolution. And we appeal to the United Nations to save Libya. No bloodshed. There is no killing of innocent civilians. We need an immediate, decisive and bold resolution.
The day in New York ended with Schalke becoming a global star and recognized worldwide, and the Security Council adopted Resolution 1970 on the imposition of a series of measures against Libya, including a travel embargo and a freeze on arms sales. In less than two weeks, she adopted the 1973 resolution , which rather vaguely authorized military intervention (eng) in a North African country. One picture gets stuck in my head: Abdurrahman Schalke is crying on the shoulder of the then US ambassador to the UN Susan Rice after the Security Council voted for the resolution on the introduction of a no-fly zone in Libya on March 17, 2011 in New York.
Subsequently, he was appointed as UN envoy for Libya, as a member of the NPC (National Transitional Council). However, the NPS itself resolutely rejected his candidacy and ceased cooperation with Shalkam. The icon of the Libyan revolution can no longer openly visit their own country, let alone appear in public in their hometown in the southern region. Whenever Libyans mention Shalkam, they do so only from the point of view of the “agent of foreign powers”. His name is synonymous with the word “traitor”, and he is not alone in this fate. Almost all the icons of the false Libyan revolution were in exile, killed or ignored altogether.
Ruler in exile
The most famous persona of non grata in Libya is Mustafa Abdel Jalil, who led the National Transitional Council, the body representing the rebels supported by NATO in 2011. They treated the former judge as the head of state. Today, Abdel Jalil works as an employee of the Ministry of Justice of the United Arab Emirates, unable to enter Libya, except for his hometown of Al-Baida, thanks to the protection provided by the Libyan army. Abdel Jalil made a number of loud statements about the activities of the Gaddafi regime. In 2011, he reported that Gaddafi personally ordered the explosion of a plane in Lokkerbie in 1988. In addition, Abdel Jalil blamed the mass infection of children with AIDS in 1998 on the Gaddafi regime. Abdel Jalil pointed out the existence of secret prisons in major Libyan cities, which illegally detained people abducted by special services. The government of Gaddafi announced a reward of 400 thousand dollars for his capture. As head of the NPC, he used the services of Libyan militants (a banned terrorist organization) who expressed support for anti-government sentiment.
An email from Senator Blumenthal to Hillary Clinton said that “in July and August 2011, NPS security officials found evidence that General Abdul Fatah Younis, who had gone over to the rebels at the beginning of the revolution, was in secret contact with Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (the second son of Gaddafi). In response to this report, Jalil secretly ordered NPS security officers to kill Younis. Jalil later reported that Eunice was assassinated by Islamist dissidents among his forces .
The same letters to Clinton also state that Ali Zeidan’s actions (Prime Minister of Libya in 2012-2014) are complicated by the continuing legal problems of the former leader of the National Transitional Council Mustafa Abdul-Jalil, who must be interrogated by both military and civilian prosecutors in regarding his role in the July 2011 assassination of General Abdul Fatah Younis. Jalila and 10 other NPS officials were charged with the death of Younis, although no one was arrested. Subsequently, one of the former defendants was offered the post of Minister of Economy in the UN-backed government of Tripoli. In 2011, Libyan prosecutors called Essavi the main suspect in the murder of Abdel Fattah Younes, a former rebel commander during the 2011 uprising against Muammar Gaddafi. Ali Zaydan himself was also subsequentlyexpelled from his post
Without a woman has not done.
One of the famous female icons of the revolution is Iman al-Obeidi, a young lawyer who became famous in early March 2011 simply by visiting the International Media Center at the Tripoli hotel during the war and publicly stating that she was raped by government soldiers.
A woman broke into a foreign press hotel in Tripoli, trying to tell journalists that she was raped and beaten by members of the militia Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. She howled in front of foreign journalists who stayed at the hotel, showed bruises and scars on her body and asked for help. The fight began when journalists tried to interview her, take pictures and protect her. Several journalists were beaten by members of the security forces who worked in tandem with people who had previously appeared to be employees of the hotel. Security officers destroyed CNN’s video camera and seized a device that the Financial Times reporter used to record its testimony. After an almost hour-long battle with Colonel Gaddafi’s security forces and journalists, she was dragged from the hotel with shouts.
They say that we are all Libyans, and we are one people. But look what the people of Gaddafi did to me. I was raped by 15 men. I was bound, and they defecated and urinated on me. They violated my honor.
Al-Obeidi is now in Colorado (USA) and is serving a six-year sentence for assault and bad behavior while intoxicated. At one time, she received political asylum in the United States with the help of Hillary Clinton, who helped her leave Qatar. From the resettlement agency, she received a monthly check for aid of $ 335 and a debit card of $ 142 for meals, but this was not enough for her. At the end of her term, she is deported, but it is not known where, because she does not want to return to Benghazi. Now she is the one who is commonly called the aggressor.
Banned prime minister
Another well-known personality of the “Libyan revolution” was Mahmoud Jabril, who served as the first rebel prime minister from March 2011 to August 2012. Then he founded the Alliance of National Forces party and even won the parliamentary elections in 2014. However, he never came to power, because the Islamists did not recognize the election results and thereby inflamed the second major war in Libya that year, sending Dzhabril and his supporters into exile.
During the war with Gaddafi, Jabril met with Hillary Clinton, who expressed his support for him
Today Djibril cannot appear anywhere in Libya in public, let alone openly contest elections. He was able to visit the capital, Tripoli, secretly last September , which is very different from when he was interim prime minister traveling the world to gain support for the rebels.
Djibril is now traveling between the UAE and Egypt and is considering returning to politics if the next election ever takes place. He now heads the Libyan coalition National Forces Alliance and continues to criticize the government. He lost most of his authority because of his inconsistent statements and political positions, although people loved him. However, in the following months he became a prolific liar, especially during television interviews. He is known for arguing that the Gaddafi regime had almost destroyed Misurata and that regime forces had raped hundreds of women in Eastern Libya. Later it turned out that all this is not true. By the way, the next elections, with the support of the UN, should be held in December 2018. Will he participate in them is still unknown.
Of course, this publication does not reveal this situation as deeply as we would like. Dozens of prominent individuals who are somehow connected with the revolution against Gadhafi were either killed or expelled as a result of the uprising, which they supported in the hope of a better Libya. For example, in 2013, the Minister of Industry of Libya, Libya, was killed , a former rebel who had been at the forefront of Gadhafi’s resistance since 2011, Hassan Al-Droui. In 2011, General Khalifa Haftar supported the uprising against Gaddafi, but in the end he did not have a place in the government for which he was counting and in 2014 he declared himself a force opposition to the Libyan congress at that time and unleashed a new civil war in Libya.
Looking back, they simply helped Libya to become an almost failed state, which was thrown back decades ago, and the only thing that helps to survive is oil reserves, which are ripped apart by separate areas that are controlled by various forces. Currently there are three governments in the country: Brigadier General Khalifa Haftar (who had worked with the KGB and the CIA during his career, participated in the first Libyan revolution and re-established contact with the Russian military) is headed by one government in Benghazi, the second government supported by the UN and United States, National Accord in Tripoli, headed by Prime Minister Fayiz Al-Sarraj, and the Tobruk government of Abdullah Al-Tkhinni. Technically, this situation suits Russia and the EU, as each receives its dividends.