In 2018, the population of Tajikistan exceeded 9 million people; since 1991, the country’s population has increased by more than 4 million. This writes the “Radio Ozodi”.
Every five years, the population of Tajikistan increases by 11%, that is, by 1 million people. As it turned out, the demographic boom is not only good for the country, but also the cause of economic and social problems.
According to the findings of the World Bank, high unemployment, a high level of labor migration and the overall level of poverty in the country are largely the result of explosive demographic growth. In addition, population growth is constantly forcing the authorities to increase state budget spending on health care, education and the economy as a whole, which leads to an unbalanced budget.
The authorities of Tajikistan have already recognized that the problem of population growth in the country really is. But what is already being done to cope with it? And what can the authorities do in general, given that they have no moral right to demand from the people of the country not to have children?
“We must lengthen the period between births so that it is at least three years old, so that the female body is ready for the birth of the next child. But unfortunately, about 6-7% of our women give birth each year.”
But despite the government’s efforts to regulate fertility in Tajikistan, it still remains chaotic.
Meanwhile, in Russia there is a decline in the birth rate. In 2017, the birth rate in Russia dropped immediately by 10.7%, follows from the Rosstat report . According to estimates of the ministry, about 1.69 million children were born in the country in a year, which is more than 203 thousand less than in 2016. According to this indicator, 2017 was the worst year of the last decade; the last time fewer newborns in Russia were recorded only in 2007 (1.61 million). Read more