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Palestine filed a complaint against the United States in the international court of the United Nations

The International Court of Justice confirmed that it received a complaint from the “State of Palestine” against the actions of the United States, which states that the deployment by the US government of its Israeli embassy in Jerusalem violates an international treaty and should be removed from there.

Pro-Palestinian citizens protest against Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and his plans to move the US Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem

In a 14-page complaint published by the UN’s chief judicial body, it is argued that the United States, as a party to the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, neglected its obligations by creating an embassy outside the territory of the host state, Israel.

The complaint also notes that according to the UN plan for Palestine (from 1947) and numerous subsequent UN resolutions on this issue, Jerusalem must be under international control. Instead, Israel illegally took control of Jerusalem “with the help of force” and a number of legislative and administrative means. Therefore, the United States did not have the right to open its embassy there. The suit mentions the recent decision of Paraguay to return its embassy to Tel Aviv, which repeals the previous decision of the right-wing government to postpone the embassy to Jerusalem

In December 2017, US President Donald Trump ordered the American Embassy in Israel to move the embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and the new embassy opened in May 2018. This step triggered a fierce reaction – including from some US allies in Europe and was met by massive protests in Palestine and throughout the Arab world.

Instruct the United States of America to withdraw its diplomatic mission from the Holy City of Jerusalem.

Request to the UN Court on behalf of Palestine

The UN Court is an interstate channel for the interaction of the United Nations for the settlement of disputes between states. Palestine was recognized by the UN General Assembly in 2012 as an observer state, although its statehood is not recognized by Israel and the United States. The average time for consideration of cases is 4 years.

According to Reuters, Euronews and the UN International Court of Justice (pdf)

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