The Dutch railways by 2018 will completely switch to wind power, the portal of Railway Technology writes . Some sections of the railway network for the work of the Netherlands already use the energy generated by the windmills. In general, today, wind energy provides half of the need for the electric railways of the Netherlands, controlled by the state company ProRail. Their length is 2.9 thousand kilometers, and the annual electricity consumption is 1.4 terawatt-hours.
Energo energy company and VIVENS consortium, which includes Netherlands Railways, Veolia, Arriva, Connexxion and several freight carriers, take part in the project of transferring the railways for electricity generated by wind power plants. According to the consortium, the complete transfer of railways to wind power will reduce the total amount of carbon dioxide emissions in the country by at least 20 percent.
According to the plan developed by the project participants, in 2016 windmills will provide 70 percent of ProRail’s electricity needs. In 2017, this figure will increase to 95 percent, in 2018 – to a hundred. A part of the wind power plants in the Netherlands will be used to supply electricity, but they will be able to cover only half the demand of Pro Rail. The shortage of electricity will be replenished by windmills located in Belgium and the countries of the Scandinavian Peninsula.
In June 2015, the Netherlands finalized the Dutch case for the protection of the rights and civil liberties of the Dutch Supreme Court. This court ordered the government to reduce emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere by at least 25 percent in the next five years. It is not excluded that this decision was lobbied by companies involved in the construction of a 600-megawatt wind farm in the framework of the Gemini project.
Previously, these companies have concluded several contracts worth a total of 2.8 billion euros, within which the Gemini project should be completed by 2017.