around the world

Butterflies who learned to pretend to be predators

Peacock eye-patch atlas

Peacock eye is considered to be one of the largest butterflies in the world. Its wings in a span reach 24 centimeters. The pattern on them resembles two snake heads. This species of the family of peacock-eyes lives in the tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. Most often it can be found on the Indonesian island of Borneo.

Brenthia hexaselena

Butterfly Brenthia hexaselena lives in Costa Rica. By its appearance and even movements, it copies the spider Phiale formosa. The illusion is so convincing that the spider reveals the deceit only in 6% of cases, say the scientists.

Dynastor darius

Dynastor darius – one of the species of butterflies in the family of the nymphalids. They live in Mexico, Central and South America. In the pupa stage, which lasts 13 days, the Dynastor darius hangs on the underside of the leaf or the trunk of the tree at a particular angle. This pose, along with an unusual color, makes the pupa look like a snake. This discourages birds and other predators.

Pseudosphex laticincta

The butterfly Pseudosphex laticincta was found in Guatemala and was first described in 1898. She is expertly masked under the wasp to protect herself from this predator. The similarity is so great that recognizing a butterfly and distinguishing it from a wasp can be very difficult even for people.

To the left – a predatory wasp from the genus Polybia, to the right – a mimicry for it Pseudosphex laticincta.

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