Members of the Genome 10K consortium at the annual conference that is being held in New York today announced the launch of the international project “Genomes of Vertebrates”, its task is to collect the genomes of all 66 thousand species of vertebrates that live today on the planet. Gizmodo tellsabout the goals and objectives of the project .
In 2009, American biologists David Haussler, Oliver Ryder and Stephen O’Brien founded the Genome 10K project, which aimed to cut out 10,000 genomes of vertebrates. At the initial stage, the project involved 55 scientists from major zoos, research centers and museums. At first it was not clear how long it would take to collect genomes of sufficient quality. But with the cheaper and simpler methods of sequencing, it became clear that the project will perform its tasks in a few years. For the last three years, the project participants compared the main DNA sequencing technologies and analysis of the results obtained, in order to select one of them that will allow creating “platinum genomes”.
Yesterday, members of Genome 10K announced the launch of a new project “Genomes of Vertebrates”, whose goal is to collect the genomes of the male and female individuals of 66,000 vertebrate species. The project will involve 150 scientists representing 50 organizations from 12 countries. According to one of the creators of the project Oliver Ryder, as a result, biologists will be able to understand the causes of extinction of species, including whether in the history of the species there were closely related crossings, “bottlenecks”, which reduced the genetic diversity of the species or deletions – mutations, which can “turn off “The genes necessary for the survival of the organism.
Along with the announcement of a new project, scientists immediately presented the first results of his work: the genomes of 15 species of vertebrates, including the disappearing owl parrot kakapo, the endemic of New Zealand, and the Australian platypus. These and all other genomes, which the researchers plan to assemble, will be published in the public domain, in the database “Genomic Noah’s Ark”.
Participants plan to sequester short sections of genomic DNA and collect from them longer sequences up to the whole chromosome, and then “glue” them using algorithms specially designed for the project.
Previously, researchers were able to read the human genome on a pocket sequencer the size of a smartphone. The device set a record for the longest reading of the DNA molecule, it was able to sequence sequences up to 882 thousand base pairs.