The foundations of the breeding of bull terriers began to evolve from the first years of the nineteenth century. During this period, both dog fights and dog fighting with another, larger animal – bull, bear, were popular. The most successful dogs for this bloody sport were obtained from bulldogs and terriers – bulldog’s powerful jaws were added with terrier obstinacy, excitement and the desire to fight regardless of injuries and injuries. In addition, the terriers are more mobile and dexterous than heavy bulldogs, which added to the battles even more spectacular. In general, dogs of those years were distinguished by a massive, bruskovatoy (brick-like) head, malicious, unfriendly look and a wide variety of colors, including white, famous as a “bouder and terrier”. Over time, the features of the terriers became increasingly visible in them: muzzle sharpness and high quality. An increasing preference is given to dogs of white color, as the most pedigreed. Derived Englishman James Hinks, a trader from Birmingham, and demonstrated by him at the exhibition in 1862, the family of white dogs eclipsed all other colors. In addition to the mixes of the bulldog and the terrier, the bulldoal and terrier breeds, which had become the ancestors of the modern bull terrier, also infused Dalmatian blood, which made it possible to get more tall and tall-legged dogs.
Millstone Venus (16.08.1898 year of birth).
The Knave of Ormandy (01.11.1943)
During the formation of the breed, strong enough disputes were waged around the color of the bull terrier. Some breeders believed that the purebred bull terrier can only be white, their opponents were convinced that the presence of colored dogs (red, brindle and other colors) will help the breed get rid of a number of hereditary problems associated with white color. Disputes ended only in 1943, when the English Kennel Club singled out the colored dogs as a separate species, but despite this, the prohibition on the registration of white dogs born from the colored was removed only in 1950.
Currently, two separate breeds are registered – a standard bull terrier and a miniature bull terrier. The breeds have two identical standards, with a difference only in growth – the growth of a miniature bull terrier should not exceed 35.5 cm. As indicated in the standard standard Bull Terrier “There is no limit to weight or height, but the dog should look as powerful as possible for its size in accordance with the type and sex. ” Bullterriers of small sizes are known since the beginning of the 19th century, but they were not popular and were excluded from the Kennel Club’s breed register in 1918. In 1938, Colonel Richard Glen with a group of enthusiasts led the campaign to revive the medium-sized bull terriers, registering the Club Miniature Bull Terriers.
In Russia, the first representatives of the breed came in the 70s of the XX century. However, until the 90’s the breed was not very popular.
Standard Bull Terriers.
Raiden Flowers N Candy (New Zealand), brindle color. In colored dogs, white color should not prevail over the main color, however there are always white marks and it is impossible to find a dog completely solid.
Irazistabull Star of Hades (Great Britain), black-brindle color. In its purest form, black is not found in the breed, there are always minor tigroviny, usually in the field fell – paws, muzzle, chest.
Nobre Espírito High Voltage (Brazil), red-white color.
Electric Bull’s Bulletproof (Croatia), tricolor color. In contrast to the black and brindle color, in three-colored dogs, the tan should be clearly discernible.
Buldor Anarchy (USA), white color. White dogs are allowed one or two color spots on their heads – usually in the eye or ear area.
And several miniature bull terriers, for comparison with standard dogs. The smaller variety should not have any signs of dwarfism and should be completely similar to a large dog, except for growth.
Avallon Beauty Mini Sherak (Czech Republic), red-white color.
Okeechobee’s Eyota (Holland), black-brindle color.
From the breed’s standard of character:
Fearless, full of strength, with a cheerful character. A temperamental temperament, subject to discipline. Although he is stubborn, he treats people exceptionally well.
Currently, the bull terrier is not very popular, but always recognizable breed. In Russia, the bull terrier has a bad reputation, as well as other related breeds, primarily because of the fashion for “fighting and terrible dogs” in the 90s. The removal of aggressive individuals, the absence of any selection of behavior and temperament led to tragedies involving dogs of this breed. However, despite the fact that such a breeding has long gone into oblivion, and the current dogs are of a breed character and often do not even have a zoogression, the negative attitude to the bull terrier has been preserved. An additional reason for dislike of this breed is the unusual shape of the head and the general expression of the muzzle.
Bull terrier is great for keeping in a city apartment, but a vigorous and active dog will need a sufficient amount of both physical exertion and exercise. Do not take the bull terrier to very small children – bul-type terriers tend to not be aware of their physical strength during the game, and traumas from what the dog pushed, jumped or dropped often enough. Short hair and a weak undercoat do not assume the street keeping of the bull terrier, and the absence of aggression towards a person makes it unfit for use as a watchman. Short hair does not need any special care, however it falls off throughout the year. The Bull Terrier is great for practicing agility, frisbee, whitpulling.
Polycystic kidney disease ( BTPKD) is a hereditary disease common to standard bull terriers. In patients with dogs, bilateral cysts develop in the kidneys, which leads to kidney failure
Deadly acrodermatitis (or lethal acrodermatitis of Bull Terriers / LAD) is a rare hereditary pathology that occurs exclusively in Bull Terriers and is characterized by a defect in zinc assimilation. Clinically, LAD is characterized by a delay in growth, behavioral disorders and progressive acrodermatitis (deformity, hyperkeratosis and secondary infections of the distal paw region). Sick pups are prone not only to skin infections, they can suffer from chronic diarrhea, pneumonia and die at an early age of sepsis.
Dogs of white color should be checked for deafness. Individuals who have this disease are not allowed to breed.
Miniature Bull Terrier and Frisbee.