All these heads are carved from solid blocks of basalt. The smallest have a height of 1.5 m, the largest – about 3.5 m. Most of the Olmec’s heads – about 2 m. Accordingly, the weight of these huge sculptures ranges from 10 to 35 tons!
When looking at the head, immediately there are a lot of questions, which all-knowing science would like to get a clear answer. The facial features of each of the 17 giant heads are not individual and they all have one common feature – characteristic negroid signs. Where did Negroes come from in pre-Columbian America, if according to the official science, there could not have been any contacts before Columbus between Africa and America? And the Olmecs themselves did not look at all like Negroes, as follows from other numerous figurines and figurines. And only these 17 heads are endowed with negroid features.
With what tools in the absence of metal (again according to the official version) with such precision and detail, basalt, one of the most durable stones, from which the heads are made, was processed? Really another stone?
How did the multi-ton blocks, some up to 35 tons in weight, be delivered to the processing site 90 kilometers from the place of their extraction through the jungle over rough terrain? With that (according to the same version) the Olmec wheels did not know (by the way, it is already proved that they knew).
Why make them so big? After all, the Olmecs have a lot of other sculptures, and heads including, quite normal size and quite American (Indian) appearance. And only these 17 Negro muzzles are an exception. Why do they have such an honor? Or is it life-size? Is it really the same as with the Island visited by aliens?
Now we will try to answer these questions …
The civilization of the Olmecs is considered the first, “motherly” civilization of Mexico. Like all other first civilizations, it arises immediately and in a “ready form”: with developed hieroglyphic writing, an accurate calendar, canonized art, with a developed architecture. According to the views of modern researchers, the Olmec civilization arose around the middle of the II millennium BC. and lasted about a thousand years. The main centers of this culture were located in the coastal zone of the Gulf of Mexico in the modern states of Tobasco and Veracruz. But the cultural influence of the Olmecs is traced throughout Central Mexico. Until now, nothing is known about the people who created this first Mexican civilization. The name “olmeca”, meaning “people of rubber” is given by modern scientists. But where did this people come from, what language did they speak,
Olmec is the oldest and most mysterious civilization in Mexico. These peoples settled along the entire coast of the Gulf of Mexico, around the third millennium BC.
Coatsecoalcos was the main river of the Olmecs. Its name in translation means ” Sanctuary of the Serpent “.
According to the legends, it was in this river that the farewell to the ancient deity Quetzalcoatl passed. Quetzalcoatl or Great Kukulan, as it was called Maya people, was a feathered serpent and a mysterious person. This snake had a strong physique, noble facial features, and, in general, a completely human form.
I wonder where he came from among the redskins and beardless Olmecs? According to the legends, he came and went on the water. It was he who taught the Olmecs to all trades, moral foundations and time. Quetzalcoatl condemned the sacrifices and was against violence.
The largest monuments of the Olmecs are San Lorenzo, La Venta and Tres Zapotes. These were real city centers, the first in the territory of Mexico. They included large ceremonial complexes with earthen pyramids, a ramified system of irrigation canals, urban quarters and numerous necropolises.
Olmecs have achieved real perfection in the processing of stone, including very hard rocks. Olmec products from jade are considered to be masterpieces of ancient American art. The monumental sculpture of the Olmecs included multi-tonal altars of granite and basalt, carved steles, sculptures in human growth. But one of the most remarkable and mysterious features of this civilization are huge stone heads.
The first such head was found in 1862 in La Venta. To date, 17 giant human heads have been found, ten of them come from San Loresno, four from La Venta, the rest from two more monuments of Olmec culture. All these heads are carved from solid blocks of basalt. The smallest have a height of 1.5 m, the largest head found on the monument of Rancho la Cobata reaches 3.4 m in height. The average height of most Olmec’s heads is about 2 m. Accordingly, the weight of these huge sculptures ranges from 10 to 35 tons!
All heads are made in a single stylistic manner, but it is obvious that each of them is a portrait of a specific person. Each head is crowned with a headdress, most resembling a football player’s helmet. But all headgear are individual, there is not a single repetition. All heads have carefully worked ears with ornaments in the form of large earrings or ear inserts. Ear piercing was a typical tradition for all ancient cultures of Mexico. One of the heads, the biggest one from Rancho la Kobat, is a man with closed eyes, all the other sixteen heads are wide open. Those. Each such sculpture had to depict a specific person with a characteristic set of individual traits. We can say that Olmec’s heads are images of specific people.
The portraits of people depicted on these sculptures have pronounced negroid features: a broad flattened nose with large nostrils, puffy lips and large eyes. Such features do not fit in with the basic anthropological type of the ancient population of Mexico. In Olmec art, be it sculpture, relief or small plastic, in most cases the typical Indian character typical of the American race is reflected. But not on giant heads. Such negroid features were noted by the first researchers from the very beginning. This led to the emergence of various hypotheses: from assumptions about the migration of immigrants from Africa to the claims that such a racial type was characteristic of the ancient inhabitants of South-East Asia, who were part of the first settlers to America. However, this problem was quickly “put on the brakes” by representatives of the official science. It was too embarrassing to believe that there could be any contacts between America and Africa at the very dawn of civilization. The official theory did not imply them.
And if so, then Olmec’s heads are images of local rulers, after the death of which, and so original memorial monuments were made. But Olmec’s heads are indeed a unique phenomenon for ancient America. In the Olmec culture itself, there are similar analogies, i.e. sculpted human heads. But unlike 17 “Negro” heads, they depict portraits of people of a typical American race, are smaller and executed in accordance with a completely different pictorial canon. In other cultures of ancient Mexico, nothing like this. In addition, you can ask a simple question: if these are images of local rulers, then why are they so few, if we speak with reference to the thousand-year history of the Olmec civilization?
And how do you deal with the problem of negroid features? Whatever the theories prevailing in historical science, in addition to them there are also facts. In the anthropological museum of the city of Jalapa (Veracruz), an Olmec vessel in the form of a sitting elephant is kept.
It is believed that the elephants in America have disappeared with the end of the last glaciation, i.e. about 12 thousand years ago. But the elephant was known to the Olmec, so much that it was even depicted in figured ceramics. Either elephants still lived in the Olmec era, which contradicts the data of paleozoology, or the Olmec masters were familiar with African elephants, which contradicts modern historical views. But the fact remains, it is possible, if not to feel with your hands, then to see with your own eyes in the museum. Unfortunately, academic science diligently bypasses such absurd “trifles”. In addition, in the last century in various parts of Mexico, and on monuments with traces of influence of the Olmec civilization (Monte Alban, Tlatilco), burials were discovered, the skeletons in which anthropologists identified as belonging to the Negroid race.
The giant Olmec’s heads ask the researchers a lot of paradoxical questions. One of the heads from San Lorenzo has an inner tube connecting the ear and the mouth of the sculpture. As in a monolithic basalt block of height of 2.7 m, it was possible to make such a complex internal channel using primitive (not even metal) tools? Geologists who studied the Olmec’s heads established that the basalt from which the heads were made in La Venta was taken from quarries in the Tuxtla mountains, the distance to which, if measured in a straight line, is 90 kilometers. How did the ancient Indians, who did not even know the wheels, transported stone monolithic blocks weighing 10-20 tons over rough terrain. American archaeologists believe that the Olmecs could use reed rafts, which, together with the cargo, were rafted along the river to the Gulf of Mexico, and already along the shore, basalt boulders were delivered to their city centers. But the distance from the quarry Tuxtla to the nearest river is about 40 km, and this is a thick marshy jungle.
In some myths about the creation of the world, which have survived to this day from different Mexican peoples, the emergence of the first cities is associated with aliens from the north. According to one version, they sailed on boats from the north and landed at the Panuko River, then walked along the shore to Pontonchan at the mouth of Jalisco (in this area is the oldest center of the Olmecs of La Venta). Here the aliens exterminated local giants and founded the first of the mentioned in the legends cultural center Tamochan.
According to another myth, seven tribes came from the north to the Mexican Highlands. Here already lived two people – the Chichimecs and the giants. And the giants inhabited the lands to the east of modern Mexico City – the districts of Puebla and Cholula. Both people led a barbarous way of life, they obtained food for hunting and ate raw meat. Aliens from the north expelled the Chichim, and destroyed the giants. Thus, according to the mythology of a number of Mexican peoples, the giants were the forerunners of those who created the first civilizations in these territories. But they could not resist the newcomers, and were destroyed. By the way, a similar situation took place in the Middle East and it is described in sufficient detail in the Old Testament.
Mention of the race of the ancient giants, which preceded the historical peoples, is found in many Mexican myths. So the Aztecs believed that the earth was inhabited by giants in the era of the First Sun. They called the ancient giants “kinae” or “kinamete”. The Spanish chronicler Bernardo de Sahagun identified these ancient giants with the Toltecs and believed that it was they who built the giant pyramids in Teotehuacan and Cholula.
Bernal Diaz, a member of the Cortés expedition, wrote in his book, The Conquest of New Spain, that after the conquistadors established themselves in the city of Tlaxcale (east of Mexico City, Puebla), the Indians told them that in the very old days people settled in this locality tremendous growth and strength. But since they possessed a bad character and bad habits, the Indians exterminated them. In support of their words, the inhabitants of Tlascal showed the Spanish the bone of an ancient giant. Diaz writes that it was the femur bone and its length was equal to the growth of Diaz himself. Those. the growth of these giants was more than three times that of an average person.
In the book “Conquest of New Spain” he describes how the Indians told them that in ancient times people of enormous growth had settled in these places, but the Indians did not agree with them with characters and killed everyone. A quote from the book:
” They also reported that before their arrival the country was inhabited by giants, rude and wild, who then either died out or were destroyed. As proof they showed the femur of such a giant. Indeed, she was the size of my full height, but I’m not small. And there were a lot of such bones; we were amazed and horrified by such a breed of past times and decided to send samples to His Majesty to Spain . ”
Russian translation of the book: http: //www.gramotey….140358220925600 the
quote is taken from the chapter “Friendship with Tlaxcala”.
To lie to the author there was no point, the matters were discussed much more important than the long-dead and dangerous giants, and it was said and shown that this was an Indian among the deeds, as a matter of course. And the book is quite different. And if the modern TV channel can still be suspected of falsifying facts in order to raise the rating, then a man who publicly promises 500 years ago to send “nonexistent” giant human bones to the king can be suspected only of idiocy. That, after reading his book, it is very difficult to do.
There are traces of giants in this area and in the Aztec manuscripts (Aztec codes), who later lived in the same places, in the form of drawings, and in many Mexican myths.
Figure from the Aztec manuscript. Judging by how many people pull one big man, he is also very heavy. Maybe this is his head imprinted in the stone?
In addition, from various sources it can be seen that the ancient giants inhabited a certain territory, namely the eastern part of central Mexico to the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. It is quite legitimate to assume that the giant Olmec heads symbolized victory over the race of giants and the winners erected these monuments in the centers of their cities in order to perpetuate the memory of the defeated predecessors. On the other hand, how can such an assumption be reconciled with the fact that all giant Olmec heads have individual facial features?
Perhaps those researchers who believe that giant heads were portraits of rulers are right? But the study of paradoxical phenomena is always complicated by the fact that such historical phenomena rarely fit into the system of customary logic. Then they are paradoxical. Moreover, myths, like any historical source, are subject to the pressures dictated by the current political conjuncture. Mexican myths were recorded by the Spanish chroniclers in the 16th century. Information about events that occurred dozens of centuries before this time could be transformed several times. The image of the giants could be perverted to please the winners. Why not admit that the giants were governors for a while in the Olmec cities? And why not assume that this ancient people of giants belonged to the Negroid race?
Ancient Ossetian epic “Tales of the Narts” are all imbued with the theme of the struggle between the sled and the giants. They were called Wahigi. But, most interestingly, they were called black wahigas. And although the epic does not mention the color of the skin of Caucasian giants, the adjective “black”, applied to wahigas, is used in the epos as a qualitative and not as a figurative concept. Of course, such a juxtaposition of facts relating to the earliest history of nations so remote from each other may seem too bold. But our knowledge of remote ages is too scarce.
It remains only to recall the great poet Alexander Pushkin, who used in his work the rich heritage of Russian folklore. In “Ruslan and Lyudmila,” the main character encounters the head of a giant, standing alone in the open field and defeating it. The same theme of victory over the ancient giants and the same image of a giant head. And such a coincidence can not be a mere coincidence.
Graham Hancock in the book “Traces of the Gods” writes: “The most amazing thing was that Tres Zapotes was not at all a Mayan city. He was completely, exceptionally, undoubtedly Olmec. This meant that it was the Olmecs, not the Maya, who invented the calendar that it is the Olmec culture, not Maya, that is the “ancestor” of the cultures of Central America … Olmecs are much older than Maya . They were a skilful, civilized, technically advanced people, and they invented a calendar with dots and dashes, in which the starting point is the mysterious date of August 13, 3114 BC “
Most of the Olmec stone heads depict a person with negroid features. But 2000 years ago there were no black Africans in the New World, the first of them appeared much later than the conquest when the slave trade began. However, there is a strong evidence of paleoanthropologists that, as part of one of the migrations to the territory of the American continent, during the last glacial period, people of the negroid race really did get on. This migration took place about 15 thousand years BC.
In the San Lorenzo Olmec were poured an artificial hill more than 30 meters high, as part of a huge building 1200 meters long and 600 meters wide. Archaeologist Michael Coe During the excavations in 1966, he made a number of finds, including more than twenty artificial reservoirs connected by a very complex network of troughs lined with basalt. Part of this network was built into the watershed. When this place was excavated, the water again began to pour out from there in a stream in heavy rains, as it happened for more than three thousand years. The main drainage line ran from east to west. Three auxiliary lines were cut into it, and the connection points were made very competently from a technical point of view. After carefully examining the system, archaeologists were forced to admit that they could not understand the purpose of this complex system of water lines and other hydraulic structures.
The Olmecs still remain secret for archaeologists. There was no trace of the evolution of the Olmecs, as if this people had appeared from nowhere. Nothing is known about the social organization, rituals and belief system of the Olmecs, in what language they spoke, to what ethnic group they belonged, not a single Olmec skeleton survived.
Maya received their calendar as a legacy from the Olmecs, who used it for a thousand years before Maya. But where did the Olmecs get it from? What level of technical and scientific development of civilization is required to develop such a calendar?
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