Meteorologists believe that the official data is understated, and by the end of summer the number of victims in the host country of the Olympics 2020 can exceed a thousand people.
On July 9, the Japanese government warned local residents of the impending summer heat and reminded them of the necessary measures to protect themselves from the influence of extreme temperatures. Ten days later, thermometers in most regions of the country exceeded the 35-degree mark.
Japanese and foreign journalists report dozens of victims: different publications refer to figures from 23 to 44 people. Judging by the statistics of hospitalizations, the elderly people older than 65 suffer mainly from heat. Many of them are old farmers who refuse to stop working in the fields.
According to the latest data of local emergency services, as of July 15, 12 people died from heat. The same services said that only in Tokyo in two weeks more than 3 thousand crews with doctors – a record for the whole time of the existence of the Japanese ambulance – had left for calls.
The founder of the US meteorological company AccuWeather Joel Myers (Joel Myers) questioned the information of the Japanese government. In his opinion, the number of those killed from the heat can already be estimated in hundreds and over a thousand before the end of the summer “heat waves”. Kyodo also reported that more than 10,000 people have already applied for medical care.
Unusually high summer temperatures have become a frequent phenomenon in Japan. In 2010 and 2015, thermometer marks were around 35 degrees, although the average temperature in July is about 31-32 degrees. Then , 90 and 172 people diedfrom heat attacks , respectively.
Against this background, the Japanese government began to publish daily information about the danger of high temperatures for the population. The site of the Japanese Ministry of the Environment also began to appear weather maps that take into account the humidity and direction of the wind.
In 2014, The Wall Street Journal noted that the extreme July temperatures affected the organization of the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, which will be held from July 24 to August 9. Journalists added that the Tokyo metropolis is subject to the effect of the “urban heat island”: the temperature in the city itself is much higher than in its suburbs.
According to the WSJ, the organizing committee of the Japanese olympiad plans to hold competitions and other events either in the early morning, or closer to the evening hours. In both cases, the temperatures should be more comfortable – both for spectators and competing athletes.
Summer international events can be postponed due to extreme heat – for example, as the World Cup in 2022 in Qatar. Due to the fact that the Qatar summer temperatures reach 50 degrees, the FIFA decided to hold the next winter in the winter – from November 21 to December 18.