It was believed that this blood belonged to the crucified Jesus Christ and flowed out of the wounds on the hands and feet after death. Scientists came to the conclusion that the shroud has nothing to do with the real execution of man and had only artistic value. The results published in the Journal of Forensic Sciences, summary of the study tells the publication Science Alert.
The researchers conducted an experiment using a dummy and involving a living person to find out how the blood would flow from various wounds. The samples were donor human blood and liquid with the same properties. Various body postures were tested, including standing and lying with hands folded in the groin area. Scientists compared the blood stains with those on the shroud. This method is known as a blood spatter analysis and is used by forensic and forensic investigators.
It turned out that the spots on the shroud could have arisen only if the blood on the back of the palm and blood along the forearm flowed at different angles, which is impossible for lying position. In the first case, a man had to stand with his arms raised at a 45-degree angle, and in the second case, his hands should be raised vertically. In addition, the wound left by the spear was to leave a continuous bloodstain, but on the canvas in this place traces of small streams are visible, which again indicates a standing posture. Some traces, for example, the “belt” in the lower back, scientists have not been able to reproduce, even if we consider that the body after bathing could move. Modeling the spots on the hands, which contacted the wooden surface of the cross, produced unclear results.
Thus, the pattern of the distribution of spots from different parts of the body is not consistent with the hypothesis that the person was crucified.
According to the researchers, all this indicates that the Shroud of Turin is most likely an artifice of the 14th century and was used as an “illustration” of the execution of Christ.