In Russia, the activities of the international religious association Aum Shinrikyo are banned. Thus, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation granted the claim of the Prosecutor General’s Office. The case was heard in closed mode, reports Interfax .
In April 2016, in Moscow and St. Petersburg, the siloviki held large-scale detentions of alleged members of the Aum Shinrikyo sect and opened a criminal case under the article “Establishment of a non-profit organization that infringes upon the individual and the rights of citizens.” About two dozen people were interrogated and released, as the detainees claimed that they were not members of the sect, but simply came to practice yoga. No further investigation was reported.
On September 13, the General Prosecutor’s Office filed a lawsuit with the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation demanding to ban the activities of the sect.
After hearing the explanations of the representatives of the Prosecutor’s Office and the FSB, the Supreme Court decided to satisfy the claim, to recognize Aum Shinrikyo as a terrorist organization and to prohibit its activities on the territory of the Russian Federation.
At the same time, according to media reports, in 1995 the activities of the sect on the territory of Russia had already been banned by the decision of the Ostankino district court of Moscow, and since then it has acted in secret. But then the court actually did not forbid the activities of the sect, but only disbanded it as a legal entity. Until September 20, 2016 in the official lists of banned terrorist organizations in Russia, it was not listed .
Religious sect “Aum Shinrikyo” originated in Japan in the 1980s. Initially, her teaching combined the principles of Buddhism and Hinduism, as well as apocalyptic Christian prophecies.
The founder of the sect, Shoko Asahara, declared himself simultaneously a new Christ and the first person to attain enlightenment, after the Buddha. By the beginning of the 90s, the number of its followers around the world reached tens of thousands of people, including about 30,000 Russians.
The sect was most famous in 1995, having organized a terrorist attack using poison gas sarin in the Tokyo metro. Then 13 people were killed, and about six thousand were injured. The police arrested 30 leaders of the organization, some of them, including the founder Shoko Asahara, were sentenced to death sentences, which have not yet been carried out.
The Aum Shinrikyo sect was recognized as a terrorist organization in the European Union, Canada, the United States and many other countries, banning its activities.
After the attack on the Tokyo metro, Aum Shinrikyo went underground, and in 2000 changed its name to Alef. The activity of Aleph has not yet been formally banned, although it is considered a dangerous totalitarian sect.
The organization is under the supervision of the Japanese police, although according to its new leader, the sect officially revised a number of its religious dogmas, apologized to families affected by the subway and paid them compensation. It is assumed that the secret activity of the religious association is still built in accordance with the radical views of Shoko Asahara. Throughout the world it includes about two thousand people.