104 billion kilowatt-hours were received in the first half of the year due to windmills, solar panels, hydroelectric power stations and biomass plants in the FRG. This indicator does not take into account the solar panels, which put themselves citizens.
Germany broke the record for generating electricity from renewable sources, Deutsche Welle reports with reference to the data of the German energy concern Eon.
The main source of energy were wind stations, most of which are located in the coastal zone in the north of the country – they generated about 55 billion kilowatt-hours in 6 months.
As a result of 2017 from renewable sources, Germany received a third of all electricity, setting a new record – 4 percentage points higher than the previous year.
At the same time on January 1, 2018, the country’s electricity needs were for the first time 95% provided by renewable sources. This was due to a strong wind, somehow glimpsed the sun, and also a relatively low demand for electricity due to a holiday.
We have reached a state where renewable sources begin to dominate the electrical system.
According to him, renewable energy primarily takes a share from coal-fired power plants: their share in output decreased by 3.3 percentage points. for the year, up to 37%.
The program of the new coalition government of Chancellor Angela Merkel includes the continued abandonment of hydrocarbon fuels the accelerated development of renewable energy – from 33% now its share is planned to increase to 66% by 2030.
The corresponding point was laid in the coalition agreement that Merkel signed with the Social Democrats to form a government and stay in power for a fourth 4-year term.
In the next 2 years, the capacity of wind parks and solar panels is planned to increase by 8 gigawatts, which is equivalent to the construction of 7-8 nuclear power plants.
The first to strike are Russian coal miners, for which Germany is the 8th largest export market. Until the end of the year, the government of Germany sets the task of developing a plan for the complete abandonment of coal-fired power plants. The oldest and most harmful from the point of view of carbon dioxide emissions will begin to be closed as early as 2019.
Next “under the knife” will go gas generation, which now provides 12% of the energy balance of Germany. Contrary to the hopes of Gazprom, which counts on the growth of Europe’s electricity needs, Berlin intends to cut its output by half by 2050 due to “energy saving and energy efficiency in all spheres of life.”