Disputes about whether you need the death penalty or not we’ve heard a lot. However, all the same, mankind has not come to a common opinion – whether the death penalty is a panacea for crime, or, on the contrary, generates an even greater surge of crime, aggression and cruelty.
According to Amnesty International (an organization that advocates adherence to international standards and draws attention to drawing attention to human rights violations), more than 1,000 people worldwide were executed in 2016
Although every year there has been a decline in the number of countries practicing the death penalty, experts have observed a trend towards an increase in the number of executions, as well as executions that are not included in official data (secret executions)
In 2015, there was a historical maximum (since 1989) in terms of the number of official executions – 1,634 executions in 25 countries
In 2107, the number of death sentences in the world dropped by almost 20%
In 2017, Amnesty International, which records the death penalty in the world, recorded at least 993 executions in 23 countries, which is 4% less than in 2016 (1,032 executions) and 39% less than in 2015.
A significant decrease in the number of executions is recorded in Africa
Guinea became the 20th country in the region that abolished the death penalty for all crimes, and Kenya abolished the mandatory death penalty for murder. In Burkina Faso and Chad, new laws were also enacted and bills were envisioned calling for the abolition of this punishment.
Also, following Guinea, in 2017, the death penalty was abolished by Mongolia. The total number of countries that abolished the death penalty today is 106
Thus, in 2017 such sentences were enforced only by 23 states
A significant reduction in the number of executions by 11%, and executions for drug-related offenses – by 40% (and the threshold of the minimum authorized party imported into the country) is fixed in Iran
Amnesty International Secretary-General Salil Shetty said: “It remains alarming that some countries continue to use the death penalty for drug-related crimes. However, the steps taken by Iran and Malaysia to amend their anti-drug legislation are of great importance and demonstrate that even in the few countries where people continue to be executed, the death penalty is gradually losing ground. “
At the same time, 15 countries have tightened their laws on drugs and their implementation. For example, the Middle East and North Africa recorded the highest number of executions for drugs
The most active state using the death penalty today is China and it is in it, according to many researchers of this issue, the largest number of secret executions that are not reflected in official statistics
China, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Singapore also tightened their drug laws, although statistics on these countries are very vague because of the secrecy of the authorities
Today, the only “executioner” of Europe is Belarus, which has not demonstrated any intention towards abolishing the death penalty
The world’s most deadly executions against mentally ill people have been recorded in Japan, the Maldives, Pakistan, Singapore and the United States
Here, as well as in Bahrain, China, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia, death sentences were recorded for people who confessed to crimes after torture. Iran and Iraq some of these “confessions” broadcast live on television.
The most open country with regard to information on death penalty is the United States – they publish lists of convicts awaiting execution, executed and offer convicts 5 ways to get out of life
Officially, in 31 states, where the death penalty has been permitted, a lethal injection has been accepted for execution, but electric stools, gas, shooting and hanging can be used at the request of the convicted person
True shooting can only be selected in Utah and only for those convicted after 2004. Execution through hanging has not been used for a very long time, and if the convicted person expresses such a desire, then only to attract attention (according to their confessions).
By the way, an interesting fact – the world-famous ritual of the last supper, where the prisoner before execution is given everything he wants, still has limitations on the cost of the products, and is completely canceled in the state of Texas
In the US and Japan, convicts can expect the death penalty for decades. This is due to the fact that these countries can return the case for revision and fear a judicial error. Japan applies only hanging for the death penalty
At the hatch in which falls condemned by a loop on a neck in the next room there are 3 buttons which are pressed by 3 persons is made that that anybody from them did not know, who pressed that button.
Famous Chinese executions are gradually replaced with an injection – this, according to the authorities, is cheaper and more humane
In China, there are special vans for the death penalty – similar to the police they are equipped inside the “operating room” in which the process of introducing a lethal injection. Often, because of the mobility of such wagons, the death penalty is carried out at the very place where the offense was committed.
Also in China until recently, during 5 years, a reality show was broadcast from the death row in which the convicts before the death penalty were interviewed about his feelings, feelings and pleas, for the edification of citizens
In Yemen, a country where it is also extremely difficult to count the death penalty to convicts, they cut off the head, and the body is hung up for public viewing
The biggest increase in the death penalty was registered in Egypt – 70%
Here until recently, executed every Tuesday.
In Saudi Arabia, a person sentenced to death can be redeemed. The family is given 3 months to raise funds. The sums from 100.00 dollars, up to 15 million. This is a very profitable business among judges and others involved in executions
In Iran, in order to replace the death penalty with a lifelong family of a convicted person, it is possible to pay compensation to the family of the victim (in case of murder)
A few years ago in Iran there was a case when the mother of the murdered man forgave the murderer just before the execution – he was already wearing a loop, and she came up, slapped him in the face, but said she was forgiving him. The execution was replaced by a life sentence.
To date, more than 20,000 people are waiting for the death penalty worldwide, many of whom are sentenced to 18 years of age