New requirements for messengers, increased tariffs for utilities and excise taxes on tobacco.
From July 1 in Russia, new rules and laws will come into force. Changes will affect different areas, from storing data of users of social networks to shared housing construction.
briefly talks about the most important changes in legislation.
Messengers and social networks should store user data within six months
From July 1, 2018, the organizers of the dissemination of information (ARI) will haveto store user data for up to six months. IRs include instant messengers, postal services, social networks, as well as sites that have comments.
They will store text and voice messages, as well as images, sounds, videos and “other electronic messages.”
The data of which users should keep the ARI:
- which are registered or authorized in the service through the Russian IP-address;
- who provided the service with a passport or other identity document issued in Russia;
- whose geodata show that they are on the territory of Russia;
- who indicated on the website their phone number registered by the Russian operator;
- on the location of which in Russia the company is known according to the authorities.
Increase of tariffs for utilities
According to the order of the government of October 26, 2017, the index on the subject of the federation will depend on the maximum value, which will increase the payment for housing and communal services in the region. The index takes into account the average growth in utility fees, which will be 4%.
Svetlana Razvorotneva, Director of the National Center for Public Control in the Area of Housing and Communal Services, told Rossiyskaya Gazeta that in St. Petersburg and Yakutia, the increase in utility fees will be more than 6%. Growth is also expected in Bashkortostan, Kemerovo, Nizhny Novgorod and Kirov regions. The smallest growth is noted in the republics of the North Caucasus, said Razvorotneva.
Since June 1, 2018, a new form of payment receipts for utilities has come into force . They were banned from placing advertisements, and added new columns. Including, in the receipts there were data for checking the reliability of the receipt and payment for online services, specifying penalties and arrears, as well as penalties that the management company should return for errors in the work. All management companies from January 1 are required to issue receipts online in the appropriate section of the State Service (and there they can be paid).
Experts at the same time propose to postpone the tariff increase on January 1, 2019, in order to prevent the growth of losses of utility providers after the planned increase in VAT from 18% to 20% from the beginning of 2019.
The final transfer of state employees to the maps “Mir”
From July 1, all state employees will receive salaries and other payments on the national payment card “Mir” or on accounts that are not tied to any cards. Article 30.5 of the Federal Law No. 161-FZ provides that by July 1, 2020, pensioners will also receive it, but the maintenance of their cards will be free of charge.
“Peace” should be formalized by civil servants, employees of state bodies and institutions, as well as recipients of state scholarships. Those who receive payments from the budget less than once a year, or permanently live abroad, do not need Mir. In addition, if state employees apply to the bank for opening a new account, they will be issued only cards “Mir”.
Pensioners will be able to exchange their current card for Mir after the expiry of its term, but no later than July 1, 2020. Banks will exchange cards for free. Commercial organizations with an annual turnover of more than 40 million rubles were supposed to install terminals until October 1, 2017, allowing them to pay for goods and services with the help of “Mir” cards.
If another card is attached to the salary account, and not “Mir”, the bank will not be able to transfer money to it, explained to “Vedomosti” in Sberbank. The funds will be transferred to the account of unclear amounts. After the receipt of such funds, the banks notify the client and offer to collect cash in the office, transfer them to the account to which Mir is tied, or an account without a card. If the client does not do this within 10 days, the money will be returned to the budget.
The ban on the transportation of children on buses issued more than 10 years ago
In Russia, buses older than 10 years that are sent or arrive in Moscow, Moscow, St. Petersburg or Leningrad region will be banned from transporting children. The restriction applies to buses weighing up to five tons.
New rules for buses that move along other routes, will begin to operate from April 1, 2019. The ban on the use of funds with a mass of more than five tons will be effective from October 1.
In addition, school buses will be equipped with flashing beacons, but you will be able to turn on flashers only when carrying children. Only drivers with category “D” and experience of at least one year will be able to transport children.
The ban on the direct sale of housing in houses under construction, because of which prices will rise
Direct sale of housing in houses under construction will be banned . The developer will have to choose between selling with bank support or using a special escrow account . The developer will not have access to the escrow account until the house is surrendered, and the buyer will be able to withdraw his money only if the developer goes bankrupt. This scheme will remain the only one allowed from July 1, 2019 .
In the case of bank support, the buyer must transfer the amount for the apartment to a special account of a new building in a bank that finances construction. This means that the developer must open a bank account for each building permit in one of the authorized banks. Thus, the credit organization will be able to more easily control the cost of building a certain house, and the developer can not “smear” the money sharers on different objects.
Cash payment will be banned. The buyer’s money will be transferred only to the account of the new building where he buys an apartment. The developer can not use this money to settle with third parties, purchase securities or other purposes – he is accountable for them to the banks. This requirement applies to those houses that, as of July 1, 2018, are already under construction. If there is no such account, then the equity contracts can not be registered.
As explained by The Bell, the new requirements have led to an increase in property prices already at the moment. This “Vedomosti” confirmed the largest Russian developer “PIC”.
Real estate prices have already started to grow, but if you are planning to buy an apartment and are willing to take the risk and participate in a share scheme, it is better to do it in a year – before July 1, 2019, when new, more stringent rules enter into force.
A special monitoring body will appear in each region, it will monitor compliance with legislation and maintain a register of affected citizens. Developers quarterly will have to provide him with data on financial performance and construction stages.
Increase of excises on tobacco
The rate of excise duty for one thousand cigarettes will grow by 10% from 1562 to 1718 rubles. For consumers, this means that one pack will cost an average of 150 rubles, reported RIA Novosti in January. However, in May, the Central Bank announced that the increase in excise duty on cigarettes would be 8.2%. This will lead to an increase in the price of a pack of cigarettes by 3.6 rubles, according to the report of the regulator.
New pay for overtime and processing
The law, which provides for changes in the Labor Code, comes into force on July 29. In fact, such a calculation will be carried out from July 1, said “Rambler.”
The new law clarifies the difference in the payment of overtime work on the weekend. Earlier, for such processing, 1.5 sums were paid, now – two. In addition, the employer will be able to break down the working time into parts if the employees are not working full-time. In addition, those who work four hours or less, may not provide time for lunch – previously a break was required, regardless of the length of the working day.
Possible reduction of excise taxes on gasoline
In May, the deputy head of the FAS, Anatoly Golomolzin, said that by July 1 excise taxes on gasoline could be reduced. In the minutes of the meeting, the deputy chairman of the government, Dmitry Kozak, who is responsible for the fuel and energy complex in the new Cabinet, says that excises on a ton of gasoline can be reduced by 3,000 rubles (on average, the price will drop by 2.2 rubles). The excise tax per tonne of diesel fuel will go down by 2 thousand rubles (an average of 1.7 rubles per liter).
The planned increase in excises from July 1 to 700 rubles per tonne will not happen, “Interfax” says. The measures taken by the authorities were aimed at “stabilizing the situation in the fuel market”.
Discussion of duties on parcels
The government is discussing a new scenario of imposing duties on online purchases from abroad. Its author was the Ministry of Finance. The government must decide on new measures before July 1.
The Ministry proposes starting July 1, 2018 to introduce duties on parcels with a total cost of more than 500 euros per month and weighing more than 31 kilograms. From July 1, 2019, it is proposed to lower the threshold to 100 euros per parcel and 200 euros per month.
The Federal Customs Service at the same time believes that imposing a duty (an average of 1.5 euros per parcel) requires the purchase of any value in online stores. Now, duties are not levied on parcels worth up to a thousand euros per month.
Updated at 21:06: Authorities refused to reduce the duty-free threshold for online purchases from July 1. However, the decline will occur exactly from January 1, 2019, the Finance Ministry said.
The surveillance of Russian maps
In mid-June, Russian media reported that from July 1, banks will automatically report to the tax authorities all transactions on Russian cards. Thus, the supervisor can allegedly request explanations for any transfer to the card.
This is not quite true. Such amendments do exist , but they concern only opening of metal accounts (for purchase in banks of gold, silver, platinum and other precious metals).
Since 2013, banks are required to transfer to the tax service information on all new open accounts on an official request. Banks can tell you about the amount of money on the accounts and about the transactions that have been carried out. Automatically, this information is not transferred to the FTS.