Ice is the best way to preserve anything that has been known since time immemorial. The ice of our planet contains many secrets that we still have to figure out. And what has already been found, strikes a fantasy and only spurs interest for further searches.
The Giant Virus
Researchers from the University of Marseilles, together with Russian colleagues from the Institute of Physical, Chemical and Biological Problems, found in the permafrost of Siberia a new virus that lay there for 32 thousand years.
Ice maiden of the Incas, Peru
The mummy of a girl aged 14-15 was found on the slope of the volcano Nevado-Sabanca in the open spaces of Peru in 1999. Experts suggest that a teenager and several other children were selected for sacrifice because of the beautiful appearance.
Three mummies were found, which, unlike the embalmed Egyptians, were deeply frozen. The body of a seven-year-old boy was examined, but scientists are not yet able to investigate the remains of a six-year-old girl. Probably, it once had lightning, which can affect the accuracy of the results of the study.
The version about the sacrifice of three children is confirmed by the artifacts next to them: gold, silver, clothes, bowls of food and an extravagant headdress from white feathers of unknown birds.
In previous studies it was found that, before sacrificing children, they were fed for a year with “elite” products – maize and dried lamb meat.
Mummy of the Princess Ukok, Altai
Mummy was nicknamed the Altai princess. It is believed that Ukoka died in the V-III century BC. and refers to the Pazyryk culture of the Altai Territory.
Mummy of a boy, Greenland
Near the Greenlandic settlement of Kilakitsok on the west coast of the largest island in the world, in 1972 an entire family was mummified through low temperatures. This boy was not even a year old when he died. The scientists found that he had Down syndrome.
Ice man, Alps
Similown man, whose age at the time of detection was about 5300 years, which made him the oldest European mummy, received from the scientists the nickname of Etsi. September 19, 1991 he was discovered by a couple of German tourists during a walk through the Tyrolean Alps. The remains of a resident of the Chalcolithic Age have been perfectly preserved thanks to natural ice preservation. He made a real sensation in the scientific world – anywhere else in Europe, we did not find the bodies of our distant ancestors that had perfectly survived to this day.
Juanita from the Peruvian Andes
Thanks to the cold of the peaks of the Andes, the mummy has survived quite well and now belongs to the Museum of Andean sanctuaries in Arequipa, but often moves around the world in a special sarcophagus.
The frozen mammoth
On the islands of the Novosibirsk archipelago, a mammoth female, well preserved in the ice, was found. In addition to soft tissues, researchers received another valuable “gift” – the blood of a mammoth. It did not freeze at minus 10 degrees, and scientists suggest that it was this feature that helped mammoths survive in the cold.
The mammoth was found near the Laptev Sea, and it was called Yukoy. Scientists believe that Yuka died (yes, experts tend to believe that it was a female) at least 10 thousand years ago at the age of two and a half years: she had just begun to erupt tusks.
The wreckage of Sigismund Levanevsky’s plane
Expedition of the Russian Geographical Society accidentally discovered on Yamal debris that may belong to the aircraft H-209 pilot Glavsevmorputi Sigismund Levanevsky. The aircraft, together with the crew, disappeared without a trace in August 1937. Remains of people were not found. Perhaps the pilots left the cabin, but did not reach the people.
Remains of soldiers of the First World War in the Alps
With the melting of ice, the bodies of soldiers of the First World War begin to surface. In 2014, the remains of 80 dead during the First World War were found in melted Alpine ice, almost all of them were well preserved and turned into mummies.
Together with them were found photographs of the war years, maps and even products that are perfectly preserved in the cold. The soldiers were given a real military funeral. Now the main task is to preserve this heritage.
The remains of Marcelena and Francine Dumoulin were found in the Swiss Alps, in the Cangfleuran glacier. The police confirmed their identity after the DNA test. The pair was found together with a backpack, a watch and a book. The couple had seven children, who were sent to foster families after two months of unsuccessful searches.
Frozen young woolly rhinoceros
Yakut scientists for the first time in the history of paleontology have found partially preserved remains of a young woolly rhinoceros, buried under permafrost approximately 10 thousand years ago. This finding will help them understand how these animals survived in the severe glacial climate.