Sukhoi aircraft

The Sukhoi Experimental Design Bureau is one of the leading Russian enterprises for the development of aviation equipment. Included in the aviation holding PJSC “Company” Sukhoi ”


ANT-25 (also known as RD – “distance record”) is an all-metal freestanding single-engine low-wing with a large wing elongation.
The design of the aircraft was completed in July 1932. It was developed in TsAGI by PO Sukhoi’s brigade under the leadership of AN Tupolev.
September 10-12, 1934 flight on a closed route (the commander of the crew – MM Gromov, co-pilot – AI Filin, navigator – IT Spirin). When this flight was carried out, a world record of a distance of 12,411 km was set and an all-union duration record of 75 hours. The established world record was not officially registered, since the USSR was not a member of the International Aviation Federation.


ANT-29 (DIP-1 from the distant fighter cannon) is a cannon-trained two-seater fighter.
In 1932 design works and construction were started, the responsibility for the creation of the aircraft was assigned to the Arkhangelsk branch of the Tupolev Design Bureau [1]. The design brigade was headed by PO Sukhoi.


“Product P” is an experienced Soviet fighter-interceptor of the late 1950s. A prototype was built; because of problems with the propulsion system and weapons in the series did not go.


The P-42 is a Soviet / Russian experimental jet aircraft, created on the basis of the Su-27 fighter, by facilitating the design and dismantling of most of the airborne equipment, designed to establish the records of the rate of climb, altitude, flight range,


C-54 / С-55 / С-56 – a project of a family of light combat aircraft Sukhoi Design Bureau.

The C-54 is a single-engine integral monoplane with a two-tail tail and additional front steering surfaces for pitch control, with an adaptive wing. From the very beginning, everything was invested in the design of the aircraft, which would then be accelerated by the creation of a deck variant: the possibility of installing a reinforced chassis, the possibility of installing a hook, the possibility of quickly creating a folding wing, and enhanced corrosion protection. Initially, the installation of the R-195FS engine is supposed, and later it is possible to install the AL-31F, with a controlled thrust vector, with which the aircraft will be able to overcome the sound barrier without turning on the afterburner.

According to the project, C-56 is a single-engine single-engine integral monoplane with a two-tail tail and additional front steering surfaces for pitch control.

The C-56 embodies the design solutions that would make it possible to fundamentally improve the aircraft-carrying capacity of modern aircraft carriers. In the parking position, the dimensions of the aircraft in the frontal projection should not exceed 3 × 3 meters, which would allow placing on aircraft carriers 2-3 times more aircraft with minimal alteration of the ship itself. Such a significant reduction in the fighter’s parking dimensions required the introduction of original design solutions, such as double folding wings, special chassis designs, allowing the aircraft to “squat” in the parking lot, almost “lying on their belly.”


Su-1 (I-135) is a Soviet experimental fighter of high altitude during the Great Patriotic War.

A total of 2 aircraft were built: the first experimental I-135 aircraft (since December 1940 – Su-1) was built at the Kharkov plant on May 25, 1940, the second, which received the designation Su-3 – in 1941 (did not pass the test) .


Su-2 (BB-1) – “Dry two”, another name “The first bomber first” – Soviet light bomber of the Second World War Design Bureau of the Soviet aircraft designer Pavel Sukhoi. From other Soviet aircraft of this class was distinguished by advanced manufacturing technology and a good overview from the cabin. The last feature allowed to successfully use this machine as an artillery spotter in the second half of the Great Patriotic War. To increase the speed of the flight according to Pavel Sukhoi’s original design, the bombs were placed on the inner suspension inside the fuselage. Initially, it was planned to produce an aircraft entirely of metal, but the aluminum deficit in the USSR did not allow this progressive solution to be implemented.


Su-6 is a Soviet experienced armored ground-attack aircraft with an air-cooled piston engine of the Second World War designed by Pavel Sukhoi, an experienced design bureau of the Soviet aircraft designer.


Su-7 (product “S-2”, for NATO codification: Fitter-A) – Soviet fighter, developed in the 1950s, OKB im. Dry.

Su-7B (product “C-22”, for NATO codification: Fitter) – Soviet fighter-bomber, developed in the late 50’s OKB im. Dry

Total 1,848 Su-7 of all modifications were produced, of which 691 aircraft were exported to 9 countries.


Su-9 “Dry ninth” (on the codification of NATO: Fishpot) – Soviet jet single-engine all-weather fighter-interceptor. One of the first Soviet aircraft with a triangular wing; The world’s first fighter-interceptor, created as part of a single interception complex.

Su-9 (1946)

Su-9 – single-engine twin-engine jet fighter-bomber


Su-15 (on the codification of NATO: Flagon – “decanter”, designation of the prototype – T-58) – Soviet interceptor fighter, developed in the early 1960s. For a long time it was the basis of the air defense of the USSR and participated in many incidents involving flights of foreign planes over the territory of the USSR.

The most famous such an event involving the Su-15 happened in 1983, when the Su-15, piloted by Gennady Osipovich, shot down a South Korean passenger aircraft Boeing 747. Also, the Su-15 interrupted the flight of the South Korean passenger aircraft Boeing 707 over the Kola Peninsula in 1978.


Su-17 (product “C32”, for NATO codification: Fitter – installer) – Soviet fighter-bomber, developed in the first half of the 1960s.

The first Soviet airplane with a wing of variable sweep. For three decades it was in service with the Air Force of the USSR and Russia, it was widely exported, used and used in a number of armed conflicts.


Su-24 (product T-6, codification of NATO: Fencer – “Fencer”) – Soviet and Russian tactical front-line bomber with a variable sweep wing, designed to deliver missile and bomb strikes in simple and difficult weather conditions, day and night, including number at low altitudes with targeted damage to ground and surface targets.
Russia has 140 Su-24M / M2 and 79 Su-24MR as of 2017


Su-25 (product “T-8”, for NATO codification: Frogfoot) – Soviet and Russian attack aircraft, armored subsonic military aircraft. Designed to directly support ground forces over the battlefield day and night with direct visibility of the target, as well as the destruction of objects with given coordinates around the clock in any weather conditions. During the tests in the DRA in the USSR Air Force received the nickname “Grach”.

The Su-25 first took to the air on February 22, 1975. The aircraft of this type have been in operation since 1981, participated in a variety of military conflicts and will remain in the service of the Russian Air Force until at least 2020. On October 8, 2009, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation announced the resumption of purchases of this type of storm troopers for the Russian Air Force.


Su-26 is a single-seat sports and flight aircraft developed by Sukhoi Design Bureau. The world’s first sports aircraft, originally designed for operational overload in 12g; The breaking load is 23g. For the first time among aircraft of this type is equipped with an armchair with a large inclination of the back (35 °), which makes it easier to transfer high overloads. Also for the first time when creating a sports aircraft designers relied on the use of mainly composite materials: their share in the weight of the design exceeds 50%.

Su-26M quickly won the title of one of the best sports and aerobatic planes in the world for participation in competitions and demonstration performances. He takes the leading place in the number of prizes he won at various aerobatics competitions: by 1993, Su-26M won more than 150 medals, of which more than 90 gold medals. Speaking at the Su-26M, Lyubov Nemkova became the absolute champion of the world, and Nikolai Nikityuk – the absolute champion of Europe. Since 1996, more than 120 aircraft of this type have been delivered to the USA, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, South Africa, Australia and other countries.


Su-27 (factory code T-10C, for the codification of NATO: Flanker-B (Russian adaptation) “Blow into the flank”) is a Soviet / Russian multipurpose all-weather fighter of the fourth generation, developed at Sukhoi Design Bureau and intended to gain superiority in the air.

The main designers of the Su-27 at different times were Naum Semyonovich Chernyakov, Mikhail Petrovich Simonov, Artem Alexandrovich Kolchin and Alexey Ivanovich Knyshev.

The first flight of the prototype took place in 1977. In 1982, aircraft began to enter the aviation units, since 1985 their operation began. Su-27 is one of the main aircraft of the Russian Air Force, its modifications are in service in the CIS countries, India, China and others. On the basis of the Su-27, a large number of modifications have been developed: the Su-27UB combat training aircraft, the Su-33 deck fighter and its Su-33UB combat training version, the Su-30, Su-27M, Su-35 multipurpose fighters, the Su- 34 and others.


Su-27M (factory code T-10M, for NATO codification: Flanker-E) – experimental jet aircraft, modernization of the Soviet / Russian Su-27 fighter. Developed in the Sukhoi Design Bureau (general designer – MP Simonov).

Has a front horizontal plumage (PGO). The main combat application is a multipurpose fighter of a large range. The first flight was made on June 28, 1988 (prototype T-10M-1). The first production aircraft took off on April 1, 1992. In the first half of the 1990s, 12 prototypes and three serial samples were produced. Then the program was closed.

The aircraft was offered to the international market under the name “Su-35”, which later gave rise to confusion with the Su-35C aircraft of later development.

Under the brand designation “35” (Su-35), promising variants of modifications of the Su-27 aircraft were developed: the Su-27M multipurpose fighter, the Su-27K deck fighter and the Su-27IB attack aircraft.


Su-28 – training aircraft on the basis of the Su-25 attack aircraft. The T-8-UT project was developed in 1981 to replace the training of Czechoslovak L-39 Albatros in the VVAUL. The first flying model was created on the basis of Su-25UB in June 1987. To facilitate the airframe, all combat systems were eliminated from on-board equipment. To balance the aircraft, instead of the aiming complex installed in the bow, ballast was mounted, and the armor protection of the pilots was dismantled. This sample received the designation T-8UTM (Su-28M). In the early 90-ies of the XX century due to the financial crisis, the project was first frozen, and then finally closed. The results achieved on the Su-28M, were useful when creating a combat training version of the deck attack aircraft Su-25UTG.


Su-29 – a two-seater
air -flying aircraft To date, more than 60 Su-29 airplanes have been produced. They are operated in Russia, Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States, South Africa and other countries as training aircraft. In 1997, the Argentine Air Force decided to purchase seven Su-29 aircraft to improve the training of pilots.


Su-30 (for NATO codification: Flanker-C) is a Soviet / Russian dual-purpose multipurpose fighter of the 4+ generation, gaining air supremacy, designed to destroy air targets day and night, in simple and difficult meteorological conditions, and against the background of the earth when applied active and passive interference, control of airspace, blocking of enemy airfields at great depths and actions on ground and sea targets. The Su-30 can also be used to control group combat operations when gaining air supremacy, destroying enemy airborne assaults, as well as for conducting aerial reconnaissance and destroying ground targets in simple and complex meteorological conditions.

Russia has 103 Su-30SM and 20 Su-30M2 as of May 26, 2018
Algeria – 58 Su-30MKA as of 2018
Venezuela – 23 Su-30MKV as of 2017
Vietnam – 35 Su-30MK2 as of 2017
India – 243 Su-30MKI for 2018, at the moment there are 272 fighters ordered
Indonesia – 2 Su-30MK and 9 Su-30MK2 as of 2017
Kazakhstan – 8 Su-30SM for 2018 year. In total, 31 aircraft were ordered in total for 31 aircraft of the
PRC – 73 Su-30MKK and 24 Su-30MK2, as of 2017 year
Malaysia – 18 Su-30MKM, as of 2017
Uganda – 6 Su-30MK2 for 2017
Angola – 2 Su-30K for 2017


Su-31 – sports-flight aircraft
The first flight was made in June 1992, and in July of the same year made his debut at the World Championship in aerobatics in Le Havre (France). For the first time, the Su-31 was demonstrated at the Farnborough-92 aerospace exhibition, then on all the major airshows. On these planes the national team of Russia in aerobatics has been very successful at the European and world championships since 1994.


Su-33 (factory code T-10K, formerly known as Su-27K, for NATO codification: Flanker-D) is a fourth-generation Soviet / Russian fighter jet developed for the Russian Navy at Sukhoi Design Bureau under the leadership of Mikhail Simonov.

The first flight of the Su-27K took place on August 17, 1987, and on November 1, 1989 the Su-27K for the first time in the USSR took off and landing “in an airplane” on the aircraft carrier “Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov”. Adopted on August 31, 1998.


Su-34 (T-10B, Fullback – “Defender”) is a Russian multifunctional fighter-bomber designed to strike airborne weapons against ground targets of the enemy in operational and tactical depths in the face of strong countermeasures against antiaircraft defense of the enemy due to unique combat qualities and the use of modern means of electronic warfare, defeating enemy air targets day and night in simple and complex meteorological conditions.

In terms of combat capabilities, the Su-34 belongs to the 4 ++ generation and allows performing the main combat missions without escorted by fighter coverers due to high combat qualities, which allow them to conduct a maneuverable air battle with any existing enemy fighters on equal terms.

VKS Russia 109 serial, 7 experimental and pre-series, as well as 2 units for static testing, as of May 2018


Su-35 (on the codification of NATO: Flanker-E +) is a Russian multipurpose super-manned fighter of the 4 ++ generation, without PGOs, with thrust vector (UHT) engines. Developed by Sukhoi Design Bureau. The serial fighter for VCS of Russia is called Su-35S.

Earlier, the Su-27M airplane was exhibited at the international air shows under the Su-35 index.

“Generation 4 ++” is conditional and only indicates that the totality of the characteristics of the fighter are closely approximated to the characteristics of a fifth-generation fighter. With the exception of low-visibility technology and AFAR, it meets most of the requirements for airplanes of the 5th generation of

the Russian Air Force 70 units as of January 2018


Su-37 (for NATO codification: Flanker-F) is an experimental super maneuver fighter of the fourth generation with front horizontal tail (PGO) and engines with UVT. It is based on the Su-27M fighter. The first flight of the Su-37 with engines with UHT took place on April 2, 1996. The only flight specimen (factory code of the T10M-11, b / n 711), built in late 1993, crashed in one of the test flights on December 19, 2002, when it was powered by conventional engines without UHT for testing other systems. The program is terminated.


Su-38L is a Russian light agricultural aircraft intended for spraying liquid and bulk chemicals in aviation agrochemical operations. It is the first aircraft of this type, designed and built in the Sukhoi Design Bureau in the framework of the Sukhoi Civil Aircraft project. Earlier it was reported that the project was finally closed, but on the site of the company “Sukhoi” it is indicated that certification tests of the machine are currently being conducted.


Su-39 (Su-25TM, factory – T8TM) – modification of the Su-25 attack aircraft. The aircraft was developed in the late 80s by the Sukhoi Design Bureau, designed for use at any time of the day.


Su-47 “Berkut” – the project of the Russian perspective deck fighter, developed in the Design Bureau. Dry (chief designer – M. Pogosyan). The fighter has a sweep back wing, in the design of the glider, composite materials were widely used.


Su-57 (factory index T-50) is a promising Russian multifunctional fighter of the fifth generation, developed by OKO named after PO Sukhoi within the framework of the PAK FA project (the I-21 program). Until August 2017, the aircraft was known under the factory index T-50; On August 11, 2017, the commander-in-chief of the Russian Air Force, Victor Bondarev, officially announced the serial name of a fifth-generation fighter for the first time.


Su-80 (C-80) – an aircraft for local and regional airlines developed Sukhoi Design Bureau. It was developed in the passenger (Su-80P) and cargo-passenger (SU-80GP) version.

The aircraft has a sealed cabin and is designed to carry 30 passengers or up to 3300 kg of cargo at a distance of up to 1,300 kilometers. The peculiarity of the aircraft is its convertibility, that is, the ability to quickly convert from a passenger version to a freight one and back. The presence of a cargo ramp allows transporting vehicles and standard aviation containers.


T-4 (product 100, or “weaving” – chief designer Naum Semyonovich Chernyakov) – a strike-reconnaissance bomber missile carrier of the Sukhoi Design Bureau, at the time of creation and for a long time unparalleled in the world (in the West it is considered a Soviet analogue of an earlier one American bomber missile carrier XB-70 “Valkyrie” and is called respectively “Russian Valkyrie”). T-4 was intended for the destruction of aircraft carrier strike groups of the enemy and for conducting strategic reconnaissance.

Sukhoi Superjet 100

Sukhoi Superjet 100 (Russian Sukhoi Superjet 100) is a Russian short-haul passenger aircraft designed to carry 98 passengers for a range of up to 3000 or 4600 km. It was developed by the Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company with the participation of a number of foreign companies (see below).


Sukhoi Supersonic Business Jet (SSBJ, S-21) is a canceled project of a supersonic business-class passenger plane developed by Sukhoi Design Bureau. In search of financing, Sukhoi cooperated on this project with Gulfstream Aerospace, Dassault Aviation, and a number of Chinese companies. At present, the future fate of the S-21, like the Tu-444, remains unclear.


КР-860 “Wings of Russia” – the project of a two-deck wide-bodied aircraft of Sukhoi Design Bureau. It was developed in the passenger and cargo-and-passenger variant.

Wing span – 88 m
Wing span with folded consoles – 64 m
Length – 80 m
Wing area – 700 m²
Maximum take-off weight – 620-650 tons
Maximum payload – 300 tons
Passenger capacity – 860 people
Cruising speed – 1000 km / h
Practical range – 12-15 thousand km
Aerodynamic quality – 19,5

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