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Sun of the dead. The most powerful nuclear explosions from around the world

The international photo exhibition “Photobiennale 2018” presents the exhibition “A Thousand Suns”, which included more than one hundred documentary photographs of nuclear explosions produced in the United States between 1945 and 1962. Below we publish some pictures that document the history of nuclear tests.

This is a small part of the collection, collected for eight years by the curator of the exhibition, a student of the Faculty of Geography of MPGU Alexander Mikhalchenko. Information on the exploded charge, time and date, power in TNT equivalent and type of test is attached to each explosion photograph. Some of the photographs were taken with the Rapatronic high-speed camera, developed by order of the US Atomic Energy Commission. Other photographs are devoted to the “atomic culture” of those years and demonstrate a fashion that arose on the basis of nuclear tests.

Ivy Mike is the world’s first test of a thermonuclear explosive device (10.4 megatons) on the Enewetok atoll. The detonation was carried out on November 1, 1952.

VIP-spectators, illuminated by the explosion of a detonation charge with a capacity of 81 kilotons on the Enewetok atoll.

The explosion of a bomb with a capacity of 1.85 megatons on the Enewetok atoll on July 9, 1956. The Apache test was conducted as part of the Redwing operation.

Atomic fungus over Nagasaki 15 minutes after the bombing of the Fat Man (“Fat Man”) bomb with a capacity of 20 kilotons. The picture was taken from the island of Koyagi, located at a distance of 10 kilometers from the epicenter of the explosion.

Rural schoolchildren are trained in the use of protective measures “stay down and cover” against the background of a real atomic bomb explosion. The photo was taken in the city of Indian Springs (Nevada), located 40 kilometers from the epicenter of an air bomb explosion with a capacity of 31 kilotons.

The photo was widely distributed and repeatedly published in the media. Lee Merlin became the last “Miss Atomic Bomb” – after 1957 beauty contests for this title were not held.

Photographers shoot an atomic explosion from the cliff of News Nob. Atomic Test Site, Nevada, June 24, 1957.

The power of the thermonuclear charge Shrimp, blown up during the Bravo tests, was 15 megatons – 1000 times more than the power of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The explosion caused the largest radioactive contamination in the history of the United States. Traces of radioactive contamination were found in Australia, India, Japan, the US and Europe.

Marines Pot and Wilson are posing “supporting” an atomic mushroom during the teachings of Desert Rock IV. A bomb with a modified 19-kiloton TX-7 charge was dropped from the B-45 Tornado jet bomber. Two hours after the detonation of the charge, the troops made a maneuver into the area of ​​the epicenter of the explosion in order to assess its damaging effect on the military equipment and equipment placed there.

The Hood test in 1957 was the most powerful atmospheric nuclear explosion (74 kilotons) on the continental United States. The tested device was thermonuclear, despite statements by the authorities that tests of thermonuclear charges in Nevada are not conducted.

As a result of the depressurization of the mine, the radioactive cloud formed as a result of the underground explosion hit the atmosphere reaching an altitude of more than three kilometers. Traces of radioactive contamination were noted far beyond the polygon. After this incident, the authorities imposed a six-month moratorium on nuclear testing.

“Miss Atomic Explosion” Candice King poses in the “atomic” swimsuit at the hotel-casino Last Frontier in Las Vegas, March 5, 1953.

The personnel of the test site at Enewetok Atoll watches the test from the island of Japtan, located 23 kilometers from the epicenter of the ground charge explosion with a capacity of 360 kilotons.

A snapshot of a ground-based nuclear explosion (14 kilotons) at a range in Nevada, made one millisecond after detonation with an exposure of three microseconds. The surface temperature of the fireball at this point was more than 20,000 degrees, and the expansion speed was tens of kilometers per second.

During the last nuclear test on the Bikini Atoll, the Juniper was blown up. The RB-57 Canberra, equipped with a filter gondola, is sent to a nuclear cloud for the purpose of sampling for subsequent radiochemical analysis. The last test on the Bikini Atoll was conducted on July 22, 1958, when the thermonuclear warhead XW-47 with a capacity of 65 kilotons was blown up.

Grable is the first and only test of an atomic artillery shell. The projectile W-9 was released from the 280 mm gun M65, flew for 10 seconds 10 kilometers and exploded at a height of 160 meters.

The atomic bomb Mk-7, placed in the caisson, was lowered to the bottom of the lagoon. The explosion picked up a pillar of spray 1.5 kilometers high. At the site of the explosion, an underwater crater with a diameter of 900 meters and a depth of 6 meters was formed.

Testing the prototype of the Mk-53 thermonuclear bomb and the W-53 warhead, which was mounted on the Titan II rocket. A surface explosion with a capacity of 8.9 megatons caused a significant radioactive contamination of the area on the Enewetok atoll. As a result of the test, a crater with a diameter of 1.75 kilometers and a depth of 61 meters was formed.

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