And why do you need this thing from the photo, but everything in order.
In the world where we live, toilet paper is no longer a technology, it’s just a given. The same common thing as soap, toothbrush, door handle – but this is a relatively new technology. Paper in rolls went on sale for the first time in 1890 in the United States, six years before the creation of radio, and for a long time Scott Paper Company tried to promote their invention as a medical tool. By the way, Scott Paper Company exists now, and it is quite large, and the toilet paper industry is about 10 billion US dollars a year.
In 1920, everything changed, Hoberg Paper Company launched its soft paper line for a more “feminine” audience. We are accustomed to seeing this paper even now, since soft paper turned out to be the very thing that everyone was looking for.
The world before the invention of toilet paper lived in a peculiar way, and specifically in this post there will be about Ancient Rome. Although there is apparently full material for almost every century, which is only the “butler of the rooms for excretion and ablution”, very, umm, a profession close to the monarch of the XVI-XVIII centuries.
I will not write again, just how ancient the Romans were the most developed around the world at that time, you know this very well. In 79 AD, an eruption of a volcano happened in Pompeii, and many settlements around were “preserved” for centuries.
Since the 18th century archaeological excavations have been carried out in these places, which allowed to look into many aspects of the life of the Romans. A lot of toilets that were found in Pompeii were public, and very often – decorated with taste. On the walls were frescoes and patterns, in the corners stood statues, and all this around the rows of benches from Italian marble with holes, as in the photo below.
Needless to say, there was no flushing in the toilet, but some of these toilets were built in such a way that a stream could be put under them so that it would constantly wash something.
The process of the Roman campaign for the second number is almost the same as now. He went in, sat down, did business, but only instead of reaching out to the roll of paper, the ancient Roman often dragged himself behind the terzorium(“sponge on a stick for priests,” I would translate this term).
The terzorium is not a clever device, but an ordinary stick, to the end of which a sea sponge is attached from the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Roman (or Roman) took a stick, wiped it, washed it with vinegar or salt water right there in the toilet, and left it for the next visitor. The terzorium, of course, was one of the options, there were also ceramic discs called pessoi , and the option to do nothing in general – you’re an ancient man, you did not expect much from you at that time. By the way, the terzorium later became a problem – a way of transmitting various diseases.
And since we are here about the topic of hygiene in general – in a small Romans went to their homes (in shops, shops, anywhere) in pots – when the pot was filled, it was taken to the street to a larger pot and poured it all there, it was something like the current public washbasins, but for urine.
Then, once a week, a group of workers came to collect these huge pots and take them to the laundry. Why in the laundry? Because the ancient Romans washed their toga and tunics in the urine.
The human urine is full of ammonia and other chemicals that are excellent natural cleansers. If you worked in a Roman laundry, your job would be to trample your clothes all day – barefoot, in huge vats of human urine. Think about it when you complain about buggy 1C or Excel again.
In general, think about – toilet paper in the current form exists for about 100 years, the ancient Romans lived for several centuries using pesos, terzoriums and erasing their belongings in human urine. The modern world is still so young!