Do you think that a dose of radiation can be obtained only from the 4th power unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant? A huge mistake!
In the territory of the former USSR a huge number of infected objects. Traces of major accidents are still active today, 25 years after the fall of the country.
Often we do not even think that quite close to – a huge radioactive burial ground, a nuclear test zone or the exit of geological rocks with a raised in a thousand times the background.
Operating objects of radioactive contamination
1. Production Association “Mayak”, Ozersk, Russia
Coordinates: 55 ° 42’44 “s. w. 60 ° 50’53 “in. e.
Infected areas: Chelyabinsk region
The accident at Mayak in 1957 is the third in scale, after Chernobyl and Fukushima. But the enterprise for the production of components and the regeneration of nuclear materials is still functioning.
Lake Karachay is nearby – the dirtiest radioactive zone on Earth. The background here exceeds the Chernobyl 1000 times.
Nevertheless, numerous freelance situations infect the atmosphere and the soil of the entire Urals. The last major release was in 2017. The radioactive cloud reached Europe, having lost a significant part along the way.
2. Siberian Chemical Combine, Seversk, Russia
Coordinates: 56 ° 21’16 “s. w. 93 ° 38’37 “in. e.
Infected areas: Tomsk region
At this plant for the processing of solid radioactive materials in 1993, the release of radioactive substances into the atmosphere, 2,000 people suffered – the terrain to this day is characterized by an elevated background.
Official sources say that the case in 1993 is the only one. Nevertheless, according to GreenPeace, small emissions occur regularly.
3. Mining and Chemical Combine, Zheleznogorsk, Russia
Coordinates: 55 ° 42’44 “s. w. 60 ° 50’53 “in. e.
Affected areas: Krasnoyarsk Territory
Until 1995, the enterprise produced weapons-grade plutonium, which is necessary for the creation of nuclear warheads. In the following years, the enterprise was re-qualified for the storage of nuclear waste.
Discharges of radioactive materials in the Yenisei are quite common, and not a denied event. Fortunately, the overall background downstream does not exceed the permissible levels too much.
Nevertheless, at the moment the company is the source of infection. All hope is to create a full cycle of processing, in which waste will become fuel for a new nuclear power plant.
4. Western Mining and Chemical Combine, Mailuu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 41 ° 16’00 “s. w. 72 ° 27’00 “in. e.
Infected areas: Jalal-Abad province of Kyrgyzstan; Andijan and Namangand regions of Uzbekistan
Until 1968, uranium was mined here. Over time, the deposits were exhausted, the industry reoriented to the production of radio tubes, which also lost their value.
Today, next to the village is the world’s largest storage of radioactive waste. The general radiation background is such that Mailuu-Suu is among the 10 most polluted cities in the world.
Places of accidents with large-scale radioactive emissions
5. Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, Pripyat, Ukraine
Coordinates: 51 ° 23’22 “s. w. 30 ° 05’59 “in. e.
Infected areas: Bryansk, Orel, Tula, Kaluga regions of Russia; Brest, Gomel, Grodno, Minsk, Mogilev regions of the Republic of Belarus
The tragedy at Chernobyl nuclear power plant led to the largest radioactive contamination of territories in the history of mankind. Clouds of active gases passed through Russia. It has also reached Eastern Europe – Romania, the Balkan countries.
And the troubles are not over yet.
The territories contaminated with cesium-137 will poison the inhabitants for at least another 30 years. And the radioactive background of many regions and settlements of the Bryansk, Kaluga, Tula and Gomel regions exceeds permissible at times.
6. 569th coastal technical base, Murmansk, Russia
Coordinates: 69 ° 27 ‘s. w. 32 ° 21 ‘in. e.
Infected areas: Murmansk region
In 1982, a leak of radioactive water occurred here, on Andreeva Bay. As a result, 700 thousand tons of water flowed into the Barents Sea – more than from Fukushima.
Andreeva Bay is not the only “dirty” place in the Murmansk region. But it is abandoned, unlike others.
The disposal of spent nuclear fuel in the Murmansk region and the shore bases of nuclear technology vessels attract researchers from all over the world. The level of radiation is growing every year.
7. Chazhma Bay, Nakhodka, Russia
Coordinates: 42 ° 54’02 “s. w. 132 ° 21’08 “in. e.
Infected areas: Peter the Great Bay (?), The water area of the port of Nakhodka
As a result of the accident in August 1985, an accident on the nuclear submarine K-431 accident caused contamination of an area of about 100 thousand square meters.
Although the background is gradually decreasing, Pavlovsky Bay is still dangerous to visit. In addition, leaks are likely to spread dangerous isotopes into the sea waters.
8. Settlement Aikhal, Russia
Coordinates: 65 ° 56’00 “s. w. 111 ° 29’00 “in. e.
Infected areas: the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
The “Kraton-3” project, within the framework of which a subterranean explosion was conducted near the Aykhal settlement on August 24, 1978, to study seismic activity with accidental release into the environment, making the area unfit for habitation 50 km around.
In addition, similar experiments were conducted in Yakutia (but without air contamination) within the framework of the Kristall, Horizon-4, Kraton-3/4, Vyatka, Kimberlit and a series of explosions in the vicinity of the city Peaceful.
Official sources say that the places of explosions have a standard natural background. Whether this is in fact is unknown.
9. The Kamsko-Pechora Canal, Krasnovishersk, Russia
Coordinates: 61 ° 18’22 “with. w. 56 ° 35’54 “in. etc.
Infected areas: Perm Region
A series of surface explosions for the construction of the canal led to the contamination of nearby Pechora forests in 1971.
Since then, the territory, even the crater itself, has become suitable for life.
However, the most important property of radioactive contamination is observed here: radiation is still encountered, although official measurements can not cover the whole territory, the main places of checks are clean.
10. Udachninsky ore mining and processing enterprise, Udachny, Russia
Coordinates: 66 ° 26’04 “s. w. 112 ° 18’58 “in. e.
Infected areas: Yakutia
The radioactive cloud that arose as a result of the above-ground explosion in the framework of the dam project for the Udachninsky Ore Mining and Processing Enterprise covered the neighboring settlements.
Most of the territory today has a natural background, but in some places there is a so-called “dead forest” – areas of dead vegetation with no signs of life.
11. Gas condensate field, Krestishche, Ukraine
Coordinates: 49 ° 33’33 “s. w. 35 ° 28’25 “in. e.
Infected areas: Donetsk region of Ukraine
An attempt to eliminate a gas leak from a gas condensate field with the help of a directed nuclear explosion did not have any success. But there was a release of radiation, echoes of which are found nearby today.
Both immediately after the experiment, and today, there is no official data on the radiation background.
12. Globus-1, Galkino, Russia
Coordinates: 57 ° 31’00 “s. w. 42 ° 36’43 “in. e.
Infected areas: Ivanovo region
The release from the peaceful underground explosion of the Globus-1 project in 1971 and today is the cause of contamination of the surrounding area.
According to official data, today the background level is approaching the permissible (although some of the adjacent territories are closed today).
However, in addition to this place, in the Moscow suburbs there are several old radiomagilnikov, and in the west there is an elevated background, which appeared as a result of the Chernobyl accident.
If the authorities recognize the infection, they will have to pay benefits and provide benefits (including free higher education).
13. Semipalatinsk Test Site, Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 50 ° 07’00 “s. w. 78 ° 43’00 “in. e.
Infected areas: No exact data
A huge test site for nuclear weapons testing is a closed radioactive zone. Like many other similar terrains, the infection is uneven: amazing, but not every crater from a nuclear explosion today fonites.
What about the locals and the surrounding area? Most of the clouds took steppe and soil, so it appears even more dangerous in Semipalatinsk – now Semei – than in the Chernobyl zone.
Where is the detailed infection map?
Unfortunately, there is no exact map of the contaminated territories: a detailed analysis is not beneficial for the authorities and enterprises. The existence of such cards with active zones will lead to penalties and the need to pay huge benefits and other benefits.
In addition, radiation is characterized by a complex spread: even after the Chernobyl accident, it was noted that the background at 2 points of the map at a distance of 50-200 meters from each other can differ by several orders of magnitude. Therefore, it is impossible to blame anyone for lack of accurate information. But also forget that it is by chance possible to go into the “hot” zone – it is not worth it.
Still need to take into account that in Russia a huge number of small radioactive burial grounds scattered throughout all regions, nuclear power plants, mines, enterprises for processing radioactive ores. The map may look like this, but this is an incredibly meager version of the real state of things: Even official burial grounds are not marked here: in view of the high secrecy, many of them disappeared from the maps after the collapse of the USSR – specifically, or because of the layoffs of people involved in them.
You see the sign of radiation danger? Found on the way a place where nothing grows? Run away from there.