Joint declarations, the project of the confederation of Kim Il Sung and the performance under single flags at the Olympics.
This is not the first rapprochement between the two Koreas in the 65 years since the end of the war: the countries have several times tried to reconcile and even unite, but the relationship has constantly escalated again. recalled the cases when South Korea and the DPRK were a step away from the world.
The first opportunity to unite
For the first time, North and South Korea held postwar negotiations in 1971, agreeing on the basic principles of reunification. According to the joint North-South communiqué of July 4, 1972, the union had to be achieved through the fulfillment of three points: the independent efforts of the two Koreas, peaceful means and the promotion of national unity overcoming differences in ideologies and systems.
To alleviate tensions and create an atmosphere of mutual trust between the South and the North, both sides agreed not to slander or insult each other, nor to commit armed provocations on a large or small scale, and take positive measures to prevent unintentional military incidents.
Despite the enormous importance for later agreements, this attempt to negotiate failed due to the personal ambitions of each of the parties. North Korea, supported by the USSR, viewed the inter-Korean dialogue as a way to push South Korea away from its allies – the US and Japan. South Korean leader Pak Jong-hee saw the negotiations as a useful tool for strengthening his authoritarian rule.
Even when North and South Korea did not speak, they offered to unite. In 1980, the leader of the DPRK, Kim Il Sung, at the Sixth Congress of the Korean Workers’ Party proposed the idea of creating the Democratic Confederate Republic of Koryo in the image of a confederation. It should have been a country of two systems – two governments, two ideologies, but one nation, one ministry of defense, one foreign policy.
Preserving the name of a single state that existed in our country, widely known to the whole world, and reflecting the general political ideals of the North and the South – the desire for democracy, it would be very appropriate to call the confederative state the Democratic Confederation of the Republic of Korea.
The end of the cold war as a way to build relationships
In the late 1980s, closer to the end of the Cold War, the confrontation between the two countries was temporarily interrupted. An important factor in this was the Olympic Games in South Korean Seoul in 1988, which became a catalyst for the country’s leadership to improve relations with the communist countries. Despite the boycott of the competition from the DPRK, 159 countries came to them – at that time a record amount for the entire Olympiad (in 1992 this achievement will be beaten by Barcelona).
By 1991, the DPRK and South Korea again came to the idea of reconciliation and signed the so-called Basic Agreement. Its distinctive feature is that the countries defined themselves not as two separate states, but as one, but passing through a “special intermediate process towards a final reunification”. In 1992, the leaders of the states prepared a joint declaration on a nuclear-free zone on the Korean peninsula.
The current stage of relations between the two countries
Another milestone in the attempt to negotiate between the two countries is considered to be the year 2000. June 15, North and South Korea signed another joint declaration “North-South”, in which both sides promised to seek peaceful reunification.
The North and the South agreed to resolve the issue of reuniting the country on their own thanks to the concerted efforts of the Korean country responsible for it.
But this time too, no serious success was achieved: in 2013, North Korea unilaterally suspended the declaration on a nuclear-free zone, launching nuclear and missile tests of new types of weapons. In addition, she conducted several provocations against her neighbor. For example, in November 2010, North Korean artillery opened fire on the South Korean island of Yeonpyeong, killing two Marines.
The main event of the summit was an agreement on the official end of the Korean War. One of the topics of the next negotiations is a possible unification of the two countries. “I believe that the North and the South will unite in the future. We are one people, one blood. We can not be divided, ” Kim Jong-un saidafter the meeting.