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The chain of events: “The Revolution of Apricots” in Armenia

Serzh Sargsyan and Nikol Pashinyan at the negotiations at the Marriot Hotel. Photo agency Photolur
Serzh Sargsyan and Nikol Pashinyan at the negotiations at the Marriot Hotel. Photo agency Photolur

On April 23, Armenian Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan resigned six days after his election. His departure was preceded by mass protests and road closures in Yerevan, caused by his unrestrained promise.

remembered how Armenia was democratized and what causes caused the fleeting “revolution of apricots”.

February 13th, 2013

In Armenia , presidential elections took place, in which the incumbent President of Armenia , Serzh Sargsyan, won. He took up this post for the second time and could no longer run for office.

September 4th, 2013

Sargsyan convened a commission on constitutional reforms. Among the proposed measures – the change of the presidential form of government to a parliamentary one. This decision was approved by the Council of Europe.

10 april 2014

At the meeting with the commission members, Sargsyan stated that he no longer intends to run for president or for the post of prime minister if the state model is changed.

March 14th 2015

After two years of expert and public discussion, Sargsyan approved the draft amendments to the basic law. Two months later the document was published on the website of the Ministry of Justice.

October 8th 2015

Sargsyan appointed a constitutional referendum on December 6. The bulletin contained the only question: “Do you agree with the draft amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia?”.

December 6th 2015

The constitutional referendum was held . For the transition of the country to a parliamentary form of government, 67% of Armenian citizens voted with a vote (slightly more than 580 thousand people).

9 April 2018

The National Assembly of Armenia chose the new president – for the first time in the history of the country. Thus, the Armenian MPs completed the process of transition to the parliamentary model.

Due to the change in the state structure, the Armenian President became a symbolic representative figure, and the main powers were given to the Prime Minister.

April 11, 2018

Representatives of the right-conservative Republican Party of Armenia confirmed rumors that they nominated former Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan as prime minister.

April 13, 2018

The deputy of the National Assembly of Armenia and the leader of the liberal bloc “Elk” (“Exit”), Nikol Pashinyan called on those who were dissatisfied with the broken promise of Sargsyan.

April 17, 2018

The only candidate Sargsyan was elected Prime Minister of Armenia. By that time the building of the parliament had been surrounded by heavy equipment, and barbed wire was stretched out on the streets of Yerevan.

In response to the decision of the Parliament, Pashinyan announced the beginning of a “peaceful and velvet revolution,” which aimed at removing Sargsyan from his post.

April 22, 2018

Pashinyan arrived in negotiations with Sargsyan, but completed them in three minutes – after the words that a political force with a rating of 8% can not speak on behalf of the whole people.

After the failure of the talks, the police tried to disperse the demonstrators, and Pashinyan was arrested. The number of protesters began to increase rapidly and reached one hundred thousand.

April 23, 2018

Pashinyan and the deputies detained with him were released from the remand center. Yerevan students and dozens of soldiers joined the protest actions . The number of protesters reached 160 thousand.

Sargsyan ruled in favor Pashinyan and handed in his resignation, which a few hours later took the President of Armenia. In Yerevan protests grew into mass celebrations.

Karen Karapetyan, the former mayor of Yerevan and the Prime Minister of Armenia in 2016-2018 (and the top manager of Gazprom in 2011-2015) became the acting head of the government .

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