A series of unsuccessful launches and scandals with the production of engines moved Roskosmos far behind SpaceX in the market of commercial launches. But the Russian corporation has a couple of plans that will allow them to join the competition for commercial space with a private entrepreneur in the person of Ilona Mask: the creation of a reusable light “Angara” and the refusal of the third stage of the “Proton”, RIA Novostireported .
The Khrunichev Space Center will remove one stage, thereby modifying the launch vehicle and lowering the launch cost. It is alleged that now launches on three-stage heavy “Protons” cost 65 million, which is little more expensive than Falcon 9.
In addition, the heavy Proton-M will acquire a “plus” modification with an enlarged head fairing. This will allow to put into orbit two full-fledged devices.
Since 2017, work is underway to create a reusable version of the light missile “Angara-1.2” . Its first stage can be returned back to the ground or by parachutes, or on its own engines, or by planning with the help of wings. It is the latter option that is called the priority.
In addition, in 2022 a cheap version of the Soyuz-5 medium-range missile can launch , which will carry not only cargo but also cosmonauts. It can also be equipped with reusable systems, which will reduce the launch cost to $ 56 million. The missile is being developed with the involvement of a private entrepreneur in the person of S7.
In the Urals, meanwhile, the Makeeva State Missile Center is developing a single-stage multiple-use rocket “Corona” , which will return to Earth as a whole. So far, however, only technical-economic studies have been carried out, there is a development schedule, and prospects for its application have been studied. It is assumed that between the rocket starts will take only a day, necessary for preflight training. The developers believe in the possibility of up to 25 repeat flights and the withdrawal at a time of 7 tons per NOU.