On February 25, the Chinese Communist Party, which occupies a dominant position in the local political system, proposed to lift the restriction on the number of presidential terms. These restrictions operated for more than thirty years, and they had one goal – to prevent the appearance in the country with authoritarian inclinations of a new dictator like Mao Zedong.
Since 2013, the post of President of China is “party prince” Xi Jinping. His family participated in the civil war, suffered from terror, and after the persecution returned to the leadership of the state. Si became a well-known fighter against corruption and climbed to the top of the political system, and then he was a step away from a lifelong one-man rule.
From general publicity to universal terror
In 1950, a civil war in China ended in which the Communists defeated the leftist nationalists from the Kuomintang Party. China became a republic with a “democratic dictatorship of the people”, led by the “great helmsman” Mao Zedong, who at first relied heavily on China’s main foreign ally-the USSR.
After Stalin’s death, China at first followed the course of Khrushchev’s time. In 1956 Mao announced his own policy of glasnost under the slogan “Let a hundred flowers blossom, let one hundred schools compete”. A year later, the liberalization campaign was turned down due to criticism of the Communist Party and personally to Mao, and the supporters of the revision of the course began to be harassed.
Shortly thereafter, Mao came up with the “Great Leap Forward” – his own version of collectivization, in which peasants were driven into production communes. The mass production had to compensate for his lack of professionalism, but in fact, both industry and agriculture fell into decay in a few years, and a large-scale famine began in the country.
“Pilot” recognized the failure and for a few years retired from the leadership of the state. At the same time, the role of Mao’s supporters in the army strengthened: it was led by the allies of the national leader, who began to introduce the cult of his personality among the soldiers.
Mao returned to politics in 1966, and his first step was a massive criticism of the Chinese revisionists, who by that time were able to reduce the instability of the national economy. He also put forth 16 theses on how to rebuild China under a new socialist reality – the “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” began.
The authorities attacked the corrupt intelligentsia, for example, professors. Against teachers united schoolchildren and students, who for six months were sent to an extraordinary vacation. The enlightenment campaign turned into a propaganda of the personality cult of Mao, as well as the search for “class enemies”, pogroms and a wave of murders.
From the cave to the Imperial Palace
Mao died in 1976. In the same year, the “cultural revolution” ended, which in recent years has reduced its intensity. After the death of Mao, contrary to expectations, the members of the Communist Party who were persecuted again returned to power. Among them was the former deputy chairman of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, Si Zhongxun.
His son Xi Jinping, who was one of the so-called party Crown Prince, was sent to the province for labor re-education during the Cultural Revolution . The sixteen-year-old worked on par with ordinary poor peasants, lived in a cave and slept on blankets covered with blankets. Xi Jinping became a convinced communist and returned to Beijing – where he entered the prestigious Qinhua University.
In the university, Si received a chemical and technological education, but did not associate life with science. He received clerical work in the State Council, and then became the secretary of one of his father’s associates, Defense Minister Geng Biao. In 1982, the “party crown prince” left by his own will back to the province, where he began to actively advance along a long train not only in civil, but also in military-party positions.
After almost 20 years, Xi Jinping rose to the first high post – he became governor of one of the eastern Chinese provinces, located across the strait from Taiwan. The head of the region actively attracted investors from the rebel island, led by the former enemies of his father from the Kuomintang. Thanks to this, he was able to quickly build up the prosperity of the province, and he was transferred to a richer region.
By this time, Xi Jinping, became one of the most famous fighters against corruption, although before that he supposedly walked the career ladder with the support of his father and his associates. Thanks to this, in 2007 he headed the hill of Shanghai (in fact – became mayor of the city). He was delayed for only six months: in 2008 he became deputy chairman of the PRC (in fact, vice-president of the republic).
The fact that Jinping is being prepared to replace the incumbent President Hu Jintao became clear almost immediately: he was engaged in anti-corruption preparations for the Olympics in Beijing, he was almost immediately introduced to the highest military leadership, and in 2009, for him, the protocol was changed to a diplomatic meeting of the Chinese delegation with the Japanese emperor.