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Scientific facts about human emotions and instincts (4 photos)

Pretty interesting collection of facts, telling about the origin of emotions and instincts in humans, as well as explaining some of the nuances of the human body. I advise you to read it, very interesting.

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1. Emotions are usually defined as reaction to stimuli, and include physiological changes (increase in heart rate, activity of certain glands and respiratory frequency variation fever) which motivate the person to operate. Simply put, emotions – it senses the mind, the equivalent of the physical sensations of the body. 2. According to one of the Greek myths, many astounded the disease humanity descended on humanity as a consequence of such manifestations of negative emotions as revenge, anger and envy, which were released goddess Pandora. 3. Ancient doctors thought that the different authorities control different moods. For example, happiness comes from the heart, the liver of anger, fear from the kidneys.4. Studies show that the use of human emotions is one of the most powerful methods of advertising. For example, the well-known concept of the company Nike (Nike) “success in the sport,” focuses on the key emotional triggers, built on her sponsorship, advertising and business empire. 5. In the 17th century Rene Descartes considered human emotions as the hydraulic system. He believed that a person feels anger or sadness, because the relevant internal valves opened and released fluids such as bile and phlegm. 6. According to a study conducted by the Journal of Consumer Research (Journal of Consumer Research), people who think more abstractly respond better to advertising that is based on the mixed emotions, compared to those who think more concretely. 7. Recent studies have shown a direct link between the wearing certain clothes and emotional states. For example, women who are depressed or sad mood, most likely prefer baggy tops, jackets or jeans. Women in high spirits, most likely prefer favorite dress, jewelery and generally look more elegant. 8. The word “emotion” comes from the Latin emovere, “to move, remove, agitate,” from ex-“out” and movere “move”. 9. The word “instinct” comes from the Latin instinctus, meaning “incitement momentum” associated with the Proto-Indo-European steig – “to prick, puncture, stick.” 10. Studies show that new technologies, particularly social networks, promote greater emotional fragmentation, loneliness people.

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11. Emotional abuse is like brainwashing, as the aim is gradual decline in confidence in the person himself, his self-respect and self-esteem. Emotional abuse can take many forms, including the use of financial power to control the man, threatening to throw the humiliation of human dignity, constant criticism, reference by name or cry. 12. In any emotion there are three components: 1) the physiological changes (eg, increased heart rate) 2) behavioral response – for example, the desire to get away from the source of emotions, or stay in contact with them, and 3) subjective feelings, such as anger, happiness or sadness . 13. Historically, among psychologists that there is no consensus about when there are emotions before acting directly at the same time as the action, or in response to automatic physiological process. 14. Most neuroscientists distinguish between the terms “emotion” and “feeling.” They use the word “emotion” to describe the automatic (unconscious) brain response to certain stimuli, and “feel” to describe our conscious experience or reaction. 15. Charles Darwin believed that emotions were useful for evolution because they have increased the chances of survival. For example, the brain uses emotion to keep us away from a dangerous animal (fear), away from the rotting food and feces (disgust), to control our resources (anger), to get a good meal or find a sexual partner (pleasure and lust). 16. Types of triggers that people evolutionarily prepared to fear, as cells with snakes, cause internal response, although people know that they are relatively safe at the cognitive level. Nevertheless, people are much less responsive to truly dangerous risks to which evolution has not prepared them, such as burgers, smoking and unsafe sex, despite what most people recognize these dangers at the cognitive level. 17.Most scientists believe that the basic emotions are innate and not acquired. For example, people who are born blind and have never seen those shows typical facial expressions of basic emotions. 18. Robert Plutchik in 1980 in their research suggested eight major congenital emotions: joy, understanding, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger and anticipation. He suggested that the complex emotions such as guilt and love are derived from combinations of primary emotions. 19. Studies show that if people change their facial expression to express emotion, they actually begin to feel these emotions. 20. Studies show that the expression and experience of negative emotions (eg, depression and anxiety), accompanied by higher activation of the right frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex, as well as its deeper structures, such as the amygdala, and the expression of positive emotions – more activation the left frontal lobe of the brain.

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21. Color can significantly affect the emotional reaction. Of course, not all people experience the same emotions on the same color, most people find exciting red and orange and blue and purple – soothing. A gray, brown, black and white, tend to cause emotional blunting. Studies show that children who played in the orange room, have been more friendly, agile, creative and less irritable than children who played in the rooms with white, brown and black walls. 22. The researchers note that when people try to hide strong emotions usually seen “microexpressions” – emotions, people skip unwittingly, and lasting only 1/24 of a second. 23. Emotions are contagious. Negative or unpleasant emotions more contagious than neutral or positive. 24. Only people express surprise, his mouth agape. But if we talk about other emotions that appear in them in humans and animals more similarities than differences. This is especially true similarity primates and humans in anger, fear, happiness, and sadness. In fact, since animals and people express similar kinds of emotions, Charles Darwin thought that emotional difference between animals and human beings pretty much in complexity, rather than the types of emotions. 25. Studies show that mothers are less tolerant to pay boys than girls. This may indicate that the method of expressing emotions adult education formed the mother in early childhood. 26. Studies show that men and women experience the same emotions, but women tend to be more inclined to show them off. 27. Visually attractive advertising junk food on the menu is designed to ensure that evoke emotions of consumers.Scientists say that if people understand these emotions better, they would be much pickier about food.28. Many psychologists believe instinct and emotion similar because both appear automatically. For example, fear – and emotion and instinct. The difference is that the instincts are immediate, irrational and innate, while emotions are much more rational, they represent a complex feedback system biology, behavior and cognition. 29. Botox injections can reduce the signs of aging, but they make a person’s face less alive and more dispassionate. Paradoxically, the less busy people are less attractive to others. 30.Although scientists have not found a single culture in which people smile when they feel disgusted, or frown when they are happy, they still found some oddities. For example, Japanese is much harder than the Americans, to show their anger on his face, and they tend to try not to show their dislike of expression.

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31. Of all the facial expressions smile can be the most deceptive. There are about 18 different smiles, including polite, cruel, false, modest, and so on. But only one reflects the true happiness, it is known as Duchenne smile and named after the French neurologist Guillaume Benjamin Duchenne de Boulogne Haman, who first described this phenomenon. 32. The researchers note that the emotion most closely related to fear – this interest. Some psychologists even believe that fear has two sides: one – a desire to run, and the second – the desire to explore. 33. Plato describes the emotions and mind as two horses that pull people in different directions. However, neurologist Antonio Damasio modern claims that the mind is based on emotions and not their antagonist. 34. Body language often produces emotions. For example, a person standing with hands on hips elbows outward shows example marking territory. If someone raised a hand, it means that he or she wants to say something. Touching the nose means that a person has something to hide. The legs can also be read body language signals. 35. Studies show that people quickly recognize and interpret facial expressions of emotions in people of the same race, and that they themselves than other races. 36. Since the days of silent movies to cartoons such as “Tom and Jerry” and films such as “Psycho” and “Jaws”, the music is a widely used stimulus that causes a variety of emotional reactions. Generally, in a major music reflects happiness, while the music in a minor key – sadness. Voice also reflects these key. Interestingly, some emotional tones in music are intercultural. 37. Study of people with amnesia revealed that the emotions associated with memory experienced memories that created them. Researchers say it is important for those who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. 38. Using your site, scientists from Stanford University analyzed about 13 million emotions that were recorded in different commercials Internet since 2005. They found the elderly tend to be happier young, but their happiness is due to different reasons. Young people are happy when they get excited, older people are happier when they are alone. In addition, women tend to feel more loved than men, but also feel guilt more. Men often feel happier, but more lonely. The researchers also found that the happiest time of the day – lunch. 39.From facial expressions people can express more emotions 10,000. 40. Some scholars argue that a person always has some kind of emotion, but they are too small to be seen or to influence what we do.

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