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Mysteries of the pyramids (9 photos)

We list the well-known facts:
1. The Great Pyramid is the largest pyramid in the world;
2. Pyramid perfectly oriented to the cardinal;
3. Built of carefully fitted stone blocks in the junction between which it is impossible to insert the blade of a knife;
4. The blocks from which to build a pyramid, cut in the stone quarries and brought over many hundreds of kilometers from the pyramids;
5. Technology built the pyramids so perfect that neither before nor after, or anything like that is comparable in complexity built in ancient Egypt was not built;
6. Only in the late 19th century, mankind has been able to build up a pyramid structure – the Eiffel Tower in Paris;
7. In the pyramid there is no inscription at all, much less inscriptions indicating that it belongs to Cheops;
8. Foolish to think that such a great job could do for the sake of one person even if the king;
9. From the above it follows that the pyramid could be constructed only unknown advanced civilization, and not slaves of ancient Egypt;

So, there is not any real facts – all these myths.

1. Great Pyramid of Cholula (Mexico), although lower than the great pyramid of Cheops, but it is much larger in volume – 4.45mln.kub.m. against 2.58mln. cbm

2. Orientation error of the pyramid to the cardinal was measured in the 19th century and is 5 arc minutes and 30 seconds. This high accuracy, but is far from ideal.

3. At the junction of the external and internal facing pyramid is really impossible to insert the knife blade. But this applies only to the lining itself is a pyramid built of rough-hewn blocks of very different sizes.

4. Pyramid constructed of relatively soft limestone from quarries in the vicinity of the pyramids. Harder limestone cladding for external faces of the pyramid were driven from the opposite bank of the Nile from the quarries upstream at a distance of 13-17 km. But the granite that was used for the floors and facing one of the chambers of the pyramid (the chamber of the King), drove down the Nile from Aswan to Giza at a distance of over 700km. But this is only a few hundredths of a percent of the total blocks of the pyramid.

5. Technology built the pyramid is perfect, but only for its time. The pyramids were built before and after the Great Pyramid, and similar-size, though smaller. Stone construction technology has continued to evolve and after the era of the pyramids. If you open the Guinness Book of Records under monumental structures that will not find data about the pyramid of Cheops. But there are three other achievements of ancient Egypt is not broken until now – the largest obelisk made of solid cast stone weighing 455 tons and a height of 36 meters (Stone Needle height of 12 floors), the largest unfinished obelisk of cast stone (left in the quarry) – height 42mmetra , the weight of 1168 tons, and finally, the highest structural columns in the history of mankind – columns of the Temple of Amun at Karnak 21 meters.

6. Already in the late 13th century and early 14th century in the medieval spiers of Gothic cathedrals rose above the pyramid of Cheops. Meanwhile, construction of the Gothic cathedral with the engineering and architectural point of view, it is much more difficult to order the construction of the pyramids.

7. There are several dozen inscriptions and technological marks found Weise and Perring in 1837 in the top 4 unloading chambers Cheops pyramid in previously inaccessible places. The inscription is written in red ink on the basis of ocher, and contain numerous references to the name of Khufu (Cheops) in cartouches.

8. Grandiose funerary complex of the first emperor of a unified China Qin Shi Huang (3rd century BC) in labor costs for the construction of a lot more than the whole complex of Khufu, including the Great Pyramid itself apart upper and lower temples, ceremonial road and other buildings. In this famous terrakatovaya army – more than 8000 carefully made and painted statues (increasing from 170 cm to 2 meters) soldiers, officers, generals, musicians officials, each with an individual face and real weapons and tools, chariots, statues of horses with silver and gold trim harness is out of the funerary complex Shi Huang. Center funerary complex truncated pyramid whose base is also much larger pyramid of Cheops. Wall surrounding the complex, longer than 6 km. Labored on the construction according to the Chinese annals to 700 thousand people. Poor old Cheops on this scale could not even dream of.

9. Great Pyramid was not built in Atlanta, and not aliens, and, of course, is not exactly slaves. Worked on the construction artisans and peasants of ancient Egypt, the pharaoh his subjects. Today known history of building the pyramids – from brick mastabas to the first stone stepped pyramids, and from them to the true pyramids. Each step of this evolution, growth in the size of the pyramids, construction technology known archaeologists and historians of ancient Egypt. Great Pyramid did not appear out of nowhere.
However, Cheops was not the great builder of pyramids. His father Sneferu built three pyramids – at Meidum, unique polygonal pyramid and the famous pink. Each subsequent one was higher than the previous, the last two already comparable in size to the great pyramid and better preserved it. The total volume of these pyramids substantially exceeds the Great Pyramid.
Looking at the great pyramid today, we understand that this is not so much a monument to the ambitions of the pharaoh, his concerns about his eternal life after death, and grandiose monument to human genius and fearlessness architect, created by the labor of thousands of anonymous builders four thousand and a half years ago, when far mammoths still roamed the north, and in Europe, people were still living in the Stone Age.
Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan. Could look something like the pyramid of Cholula.

Blocks of Pyramid of Khufu. Note the different size and a very rough surface treatment.

Giant columns of Karnak temple.

The largest monolithic obelisk in the world. Granite. Weight of nearly 1,200 tons, 42 meters long. Incomplete.
1386295392_1Inscription with the name of Khufu in the cartouche. Label construction at one of the blocks. Note that the label goes into the joint, that is made before the installation of the unit in place.

1386295392_1 1386295464_2

Loma piramiada Sneferu. More ancient pyramid of Khufu pyramid than comparable with her size. Keep it a lot better. Persisted even most of the cladding.
1386295392_1Figurines of ivory. Meet – Khufu (Cheops) in person. Other images of Pharaoh did not survive.

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