Carrion – the perfect word used for rotting or decomposition of the flesh, and so hideous flowers tend to smell like a pile of rotten flesh. This smell is not used to ward off potential predators, but rather to attract insects. Insects are not consumed flowers in nutritional purposes, but rather, as is usual with most flowers, they help pollinate the flower.
These flowers do not attract all the insects, such as butterflies and bees, they attract those insects that feed on carrion, such as beetles and various flies. These Putrid, but fascinating flowers differ from each other in surprising ways, and some of them we can see today.
10. Veselkova (Phallaceae)
Veselkova are a family of fungi, commonly known as mushrooms Stinkhorn. Having the shape of a phallus, Veselkova distributed worldwide, but especially prevalent in tropical regions.They are known for their unpleasant odor, sticky mass dispute or Hleb on the end of stalks called receptaculum. The characteristic shape of fruiting, unbranched receptaculum with external disputes in the upper part – Veselkova differ from other families in Phalalles. Weight dispute usually smell carrion or dung, and attracts flies and other insects to help disperse spores.
9. Lily dead horse (Helicodiceros muscivorus)
Helicodiceros muscivorus (white lily dead horse) is an ornamental plant, a native of the north-western Mediterranean region. It reproduces the stench of rotting meat, attracting carrion meat seeking flies that act as pollinators. A representative of a rare group of thermogenic plants, White Lily dead horse can raise its temperature. This helps to lure flies into the plant, and its contact with pollen. Interestingly, very few thermogenic plants that do exist are mostly disgusting plants (although there are some exceptions).
8. Californian Dutch tube
Californian Dutch tube or Aristolochia californica, is a deciduous vine with purple-striped, curving, tube-shaped flowers that give rise to winged capsule green fruit. The flowers have a strong unpleasant odor that attracts scavenging insects. Insects crawl into an intricate flower disoriented, linger there for a long time, to raise large amounts of pollen, because they wander around the inside of the flower to find the exit. Fungal gnats are common pollinators that fall cheating Dutch tubes since they do not get absolutely nothing from a flower. Even though this plant does not provide their pollinators, butterflies for Pipevine it appears her only source of food. Red spotted black caterpillars feed on the leaves, which seem to be very bitter to other predators. They also use colors in the enclosed space as a safe.
7. Flowers starfish
Flowers starfish or Stapelia Giant, is a plant of the milkweed family. This cactus like succulent plant that produces flowers in the form of large starfish. Flowers flesh-colored or yellow, with fine red lines drawn on them, covered with hairs. In the center of each flower is a hole in the mouth, which are genitals. Putrid smell comes from here and it entices insects and flies in the center, where they can help in pollination.
6. Eastern skunk cabbage-
Skunk-cabbage, or smelly Simplokarpus (Symplocarpus foetidus), – it is undersized, foul smelling plant that prefers swampy conditions. It can be found naturally in the Northern and North-Eastern America, and also in many parts of Asia. Skunk Cabbage has big broad leaves and produces 10-15 centimeter flowers spotted purple. This plant does produce rotting, stinking smell that most felt when the sheet is torn. This scent is needed to attract pollinators such as flies and beetles. Another interesting fact about this plant – is one of the very few thermogenic plants. This means that it may generate heat, and in this case the temperature can reach 15-35C. This allows the plant to melt the stood the ground and the flowers can bloom until there is snow. It also attracts insects that are hiding from the cold, and helps to evaporate and disperse their scent.
5. Tarragon ordinary (Dracunculus vulgaris)
It – really flower, which a lot of names, some of which include Arun Dragon, Black Arun, Snake Lily, Stink Lily, Black Dragon, Dragonwort and Drakondia. Scientific name – tarragon ordinary, Dracunculus vulgaris, and grows in the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Europe and Antalya. It has recently been brought to the United States, where he happily thriving. This amazing plant, which has the most stunning flower which consists of cob, which can grow up to 120 cm Ear initially shrouded veil dark purple with black color. Bedspread unfolds, reveals almost black cob, which produces a strong smell of fall in one day, at this time the sexual organs mature and insects that will spread the pollen, attracted by the smell.
4. African hydronic (Hydrona africana)
Hydronic Africana is a root parasite that lives on Gidnora euphorbias. The plant is completely naked and not involved in photosynthesis, and the entire kidney, brown. Bud looks just like a mushroom, and in fact indistinguishable, until the flower is bright orange color will not open. Bud begins to produce its rotten smell fell before its opening and attracts flies and beetles that they got into the bud. Once in the bud insects stuck in thin hairs, and are pollinated is trapped up until bud not fully mature and will not open.
3. Flower Pelican
Aristolohiya giant (Aristolochia gigantean), also referred to as a giant flower and Pelican Giant Dutch tubes, originally hails from Brazil and Panama. This vine boasts red flowers with intricate white markings on one petal. It feels like a heart, which was rolled into a cone shape, this intriguing plant also has heart-shaped leaves that are lush and bright green glossy from time to time. Significant plant Aristolohiya giant can grow to 8 to 10 feet in height, with a spread of up to 8 feet. Its flowers can grow to the size of almost one full foot in length. The flowers are produced very strong putrid smell when they open, and it attracts flies, which assist in the process of pollination.
2. Rafflesia Arnoldi (Rafflesia arnoldii)
Surprisingly, both of our last two plants are commonly known as corpse flowers. Rafflesia Arnoldi is the largest single flower in the world and is endemic plant that is found only in the rainforests of Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia and Malaysia. There are several species of Rafflesia in these areas, but Arnoldi is the largest species, up to 1 m / 3 feet in diameter, it can weigh up to 11 kg.
It lives as a parasite on the root Tetrasigma, which grows only in primary (undisturbed) rainforest. Do Rafflesia lacks any observable leaves, stems and even roots, but it is still considered a vascular plant. Like mushrooms, these beautiful plant parasites using filamentous tissue attached to the host plant and absorb it from the water and nutrients. This plant produces leaves, stems or roots, and is not involved in photosynthesis. It can be seen only when it is ready to reproduce. Perhaps the only part of Rafflesia can be identified as a plant – when the flowers appear, even this is unusual, as they reach enormous size, have a reddish-brown color and the stench of rotting flesh, and that’s why it was called the “corpse flower”. This scent attracts insects such as flies which then pollinate the rare plant. This plant should not be confused with the Amorphophallus titanium (item 1).
1. Amorphophallus titanium (Amorphophallus titanum)
Amorphophallus titanium, a literal translation from the Greek literally means ugly member of the Giant with a huge ugly phallus, which is located directly in the center of the flower and is commonly known as the Titan Arun. This – a flowering plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world, grows in Sumatra. Titan Arun inflorescence can reach over 3 meters (10 feet) in height. As related crazy pint and calla lily, it consists of fragrant flowers cob wrapped a blanket that looks like a single flower petal. In general blanket Titan Arun green on the outside and maroon, red on the inside, with deep grooves. The spadix is hollow and resembles a large loaf of French bread. The upper, visible part of the cob covered with pollen, while its lower extremity is dotted with bright red-orange carpels. “Aroma” inflorescence resembles rotting meat, attracting carrion-eating beetles and flies (family Sarcophagidae), which pollinate it. Dark red color and texture contribute to the illusion of a flower that veil – a piece of meat. During flowering ear tip about equal to the temperature of the human body that helps the smell disappear, this heat is also believed to help in the illusion that attracts insects feeding on the trunk.