In the XVIII century, Benjamin Franklin said that in life, nothing is inevitable except death and taxes. The latter appeared long before the phrase was uttered by a famous politician. The need to collect taxes arose when the state first began to take shape.
Originally fees taxed land ownership, livestock and workers. But the needs of the state grew, and with them appeared increasingly bizarre and sometimes ridiculous taxes. Emperor Vespasian ordered the charge collection in Rome for the use of public toilets, so there was a saying “money does not smell”, in Byzantium there was a tax on the air, which had to pay the owners of expensive homes and, in Bashkiria in the XVII century was a tax on eye color .
Before you ten most bizarre taxes currently existing in the different countries of the world and able to surprise, amuse and trouble.
Tax gypsum (Austria)
Austria – one of the most popular countries in Europe for a ski holiday. Every year in the season it attracts skiers and snowboarders from all over the world, and that they have decided to impose an unusual tax. The availability of health insurance for tourists to the Austrian authorities was not enough, so they introduced a mandatory ski collection, called “tax on the cast.”Each year, about 150,000 skiers during skiing are injured and are in local hospitals. By counting the total amount of their treatment, the Austrian government decided to levy an additional tax of athletes, which is included in the price of ski services. All funds raised power transfer medical facilities for treatment of fractures of Austria and other injuries. Thus, the skiers themselves “thrown off” for the treatment of himself and his fellow adventurers.
Tax on the world (Republic of Guinea)
West African countries are among the poorest in the world. But despite this, their inhabitants still taxed, some of which can be classified as very strange. Thus, residents of the Republic of Guinea, almost all of whose population lives below the poverty line, still pay tax on the world, although there were no military operations in the country right now is not conducted.Each year, a peaceful life costing citizens about € 17, which is a very sensible amount for Guineans. For comparison, a kilogram of coffee in the Republic of Guinea can be bought for 50 cents. Guinean similar tax existed in the XI century in England: the knights were required to pay special charges in the years when the country has not conducted the war. Tax existed for about 300 years and was then replaced by other means to replenish the treasury at the expense of the troops.
Tax cow farts (Estonia)
This may seem like a joke, but a tax on cow farts in Estonia does exist. And it was introduced not so long ago – in 2008. In a country where there is a large number of major polluting enterprises to impose an “ecological” it was decided to collect the owners of cows. The main air pollutants Estonian parliamentarians felt it was the local cows that are in the process of life emit methane into the atmosphere. Interestingly, pigs, horses and other animals do not become tax levy. It should be noted that attempts to impose a tax, similar to Estonian made earlier. A similar initiative was discussed in 2003 in New Zealand. Agricultural tax farts famous NZ cows offered to introduce the Labour government, but encountered the protest by farmers abandoned the idea.
Tax Sun (Balearic Islands
In the early 2000s, “solar” collection was introduced in the Balearic Islands. Tax levied in the sun all tourists visiting the archipelago. Travelers arriving at the popular resorts of Ibiza, Majorca, Minorca and other islands have to pay daily for € 1 per stay here. The results of this tax in the sun means the power to direct the improvement of tourism infrastructure, such as cleaning the beaches and coastal areas of debris, as well as the recovery of the local ecological balance. It is worth noting that in 2012, visited the Balearic Islands 10,400,000 foreign tourists, so that the proceeds of the tax to the Treasury in the sun proved to be very significant.
Tax barbecue (Belgium)
In April 2007, the Belgian government of the Walloon Region, the territory of which is home to about 4 million people, has decided to fight global warming in an unusual way – and imposed a tax on the barbecue. The feasibility of such a gathering environmental confirmed, according to which, during cooking food on a grill are emitted on average from 50 to 100 grams of carbon dioxide, which in turn is causing climate change. The inhabitants of Wallonia, who want to have a barbecue in the garden of their own, have to pay tax at a rate of € 20, and this should be done every time you use the grill. Evade payment of fee is unlikely to succeed, because the control of compliance with the tax law is from the air. The territory patrolled by helicopters equipped with thermal cameras and capable of detecting heat sources.
Tax on disposable chopsticks (China)
Chopsticks – the traditional East Asian cutlery. They appeared about three thousand years ago and quickly gained admirers, among whom was the philosopher Confucius, who said only that they have a place at the dinner table. Today, China chopsticks still give special preference, however, since 2006, for the opportunity to use their citizens pay a special tax. A fee of 5% of the sales of each pair of chopsticks was introduced to protect the forests from cutting out. Every year, China’s use and emit about 45 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks, for the manufacture of which destroyed 25 million trees. Realizing that at this rate of deforestation in the country could disappear in the next decade, the authorities decided to impose the use of chopsticks tax. By the way, in addition to rods, the PRC government also taxed all of bamboo products.
Tax on tattoos and piercings (USA)
Residents of the U.S. state of Arkansas should think twice before you get a tattoo or piercing. The fact is that in addition to the master services, they will also have to pay for and a special collection, which has already managed to get a list of the most unusual U.S. tax on the magazine Time. Tax piercings and tattoos was introduced in Arkansas in 2005, and since then applied to each and every tattoo body piercing require an additional tax of 6% of their value. Perhaps the introduction of the tax was due to start a couple of years ago in the U.S. by anti-tattoo. The authorities have decided to deal with non-professional printing on the body, due to which there is a risk of contracting dangerous diseases such as HIV, hepatitis or tuberculosis. Tax deductible, but so far the number of applicants to get a tattoo in the U.S. is high: among Americans between the ages of 25 and 34 has a tattoo of one-third.
Tax shadow (Venice)
In the early 90th Venice authorities have decided that you can not collect taxes only with material objects, and in 1993 introduced a tax on the shadow. An unusual collection of almost all the owners imposed shops, restaurants and cafes, the shadow of the institutions which fall on municipal land. Part of the businessmen prefer to be removed from the facade awnings and canopies, and those who have decided to preserve the appearance of their establishments without changes annually replenish the budget of Venice for its contributions. Despite all the strangeness of the rate charged, he still has not been canceled. In addition, pay tax on the owners of the shadow of Venetian cafes and restaurants have not only solar, but also on cloudy days, in which the water is much greater. It should be noted that the tax on the shadow is not the only non-material collection in the world. So, in Klaipeda, Lithuania at the end of 2012 introduced a tax on rainwater.
Tax on civil marriage (China)
Civil marriage – not a new phenomenon. He appeared in the Netherlands in the XVI century, when people belonging to different faiths could not marry in the church. Today, the number of formal marriages in the world is shrinking and the number of civil unions is growing. For example, in Sweden, France and other European countries with at least 60% of couples living without registering their relationship, and such statistics do not scare the local authorities. But in China, these trends, however, are perceived as dangerous, and decided to deal with them using the yuan. Back in the mid-90s in China was a tax on civil marriage. The idea to charge it with all unregistered couples came up with the authorities of the Chinese city of Tianjin in 1996. Since then, living together without formalizing relations costs “offenders” in one thousand yuan a year, which is about € 120. The tax charge of those whom the local authorities reported that people live unpainted.
Tax Extenders consciousness (USA)
To replenish the country’s fiscal budget, U.S. authorities manage, even with illegal narcotics. In 2005, Tennessee was established tax on psychotropic substances. The list of substances that have fallen under the article of taxation, were marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy and other narcotic drugs. Pay tax merchants offered anonymously, and in the event of arrest, they can produce evidence to the court for its payment and thereby guarantee a right to forgive. It is also worth noting that at the beginning of February 2013 the U.S. Congress, the Democrats took the initiative to decriminalize marijuana throughout the United States (currently permitted in 40% of the states). Thus Washington lawmakers propose to make a cannabis through the introduction of new taxes. According to their calculations, if the excise tax in the amount of $ 50 per ounce of annual fees will be able to bring the treasury about $ 20 billion