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U.S. military operations and their consequences for the last 30 years

It’s no secret that the United States government for more than 30 years, serves as the world’s policeman. The fact is that America has not passed by a single event in the world, they would not have tried to intervene. But not always their raid ended in victory .. I invite you to read further about the U.S. military operations in the past 30 years.

 

Grenada, 1983. Unilateral intervention by the U.S..

After the military coup that took place in Grenada in 1979, to the authorities in the country came the radical left movement New JEWEL Movement. In October 1983, under the pretext of a few hundred are in the country of medical students from the United States, as well as at the request of a number of countries of the Organization of American States – Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica – U.S. President Ronald Reagan ordered the start of the military operation, codenamed “The outbreak of rage.”

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U.S. Army fast enough to suppress the weak, poorly equipped armed forces of Grenada, which did not exceed 1,000. It was one of the few cases where the U.S. is not supported even by the Allies. Against the military operation in favor UK, France, Sweden, the Soviet bloc and Latin America. In this case, the invasion of Grenada was the first in the history of U.S. military action overseas, the war in Vietnam.Despite some local failure, the operation was successful. This military operation has played a role in the restoration of the lost prestige of the U.S. Army. The lessons learned were used in the preparation of a much larger invasion of Panama. Moreover, for most of Grenada, with the exception of the change of regime, the operation is no special effects had not. U.S. even provided the island 110 million dollars of compensation for the damage that was caused during the operation. Panama, 1989. Unilateral intervention by the U.S.. in the middle of the 1980s, relations between Panama and the United States began to deteriorate. The cause of the conflict was brewing conditions for the transfer of control of the Panama Canal, which is of strategic importance. At a time when the Panamanian government began to implement a foreign policy that was independent of the U.S., and has strengthened ties with the countries of South and Central America, from Washington began a serious economic, diplomatic and informational pressure.The introduction of economic sanctions against Panama, followed by the United States prepared a coup attempt, which was unsuccessful. As a result, in December 1989, U.S. President George HW Bush ordered the start of the military operation “just cause.” The operation resulted in a change in the pro-American government of Panama. The new president Guillermo Endara Galimani almost immediately began the process against the memory of the former president of the country Torihose, who played for the nationalization of the Panama Canal. The U.S. military operation in Panama became the first American intervention in history when, as a theoretical justification of the operation, Washington used the slogan “save and restore democracy.”
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In the course of military operations in Panama, the U.S. army inflicted air and artillery strikes on urban neighborhoods. Destructive in many civilian infrastructure, residential houses. Total damage being done to the economy of Panama, was about $ 1 billion. Another consequence of the U.S. invasion was the deterioration of the living conditions of the population. In a statement, the International Committee of the Red Cross marked shortage of medicines, essential goods, which has caused the death of several people, and the disruption of public services, the country was the cause of the epidemic. Also during the fighting stopped traffic on the Panama Canal, which in turn damaged the economies of countries that do not have been dragged into the conflict. Libya, in 1986. The military operation “El Dorado Canyon.” military operation under the code name “El Dorado Canyon” was conducted against Libya in April 1986. The operation included transient bomb attack on an important military and administrative features of the country. The blow was accomplished with the use of tactical aircraft. All planned to destroy the objects were amazed. On the ground, killed 17 fighters of Libya and 10 military transport aircraft Il-76. The reason for the surgery was accused Libya of supporting international terrorism. In particular Tripoli was accused of organizing a number of terrorist attacks against American citizens in Europe (explosion aboard flight Rome-Athens April 2, 1986, an explosion at the La Belle discotheque in West Berlin, which was visited by American soldiers.)
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Most likely, Libya was not involved to any major terrorist attacks until 1988, when the skies over Lockerbie, Scotland, plane burst of Pan Am. This attack took the lives of 259 passengers and crew, as well as 11 people who were killed on the ground. In 2003, Libya acknowledged responsibility among its officials for the explosion aboard Flight 103 of Pan Am. Iraq in 1991. Military operation of the Multinational Force (MNF) from the UN sanctions. pretext for a military conflict was the attack on Iraq to Kuwait. In July 1990, Baghdad, Kuwait announced that it is an economic war against Iraq with the understatement of the price of oil on the world market, as well as in the illegal production of oil in Iraqi territory with a large border field Rumaila. As a result, in August 1990 the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait and occupied the country easily. Baghdad announced the annexation of the country, which became the 19th province of the Iraq and called Al-Saddam. In response to Saddam Hussein’s regime had imposed sanctions. Extra Security Council was convened by the UNPO, which condemned the actions of Iraq and made ​​a proposal to organize an international coalition led by the United States. It was announced about the beginning of the operation, code-named “Desert Shield”, which included the concentration of coalition forces in the region. In January 1991, the MNF have launched “Operation Desert Storm” and “Desert Saber” (to liberate Kuwait).
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The bombing of Iraq by an international coalition, the backbone of which were American soldiers, began in January 1991, the operation took place in February of ground forces, which ended with a crushing defeat of the Iraqi army. By April 1991 the fighting had ceased. In total, the conflict had time to participate 665,500 soldiers from the United States. The American army has lost 383 men killed and 467 wounded, the loss of Iraq amounted to 40,000 people were killed and about 100,000 people injured. After a long air offensive, the Coalition for a few days of the defeated Iraqi, was won by a crushing victory. All UN Security Council resolutions on the conflict failed, Kuwait was liberated. Somalia in 1993. The intervention by the U.S. and some other countries with UN sanctions. Operation in Somalia is one of the infamous pages of history along with the U.S. military conflict in Vietnam. Many ordinary people she knows in the film “Black Hawk Down.” In the early 1980s, the Somali civil war, Somali opposition began to struggle against the legitimate government of the country. By the beginning of the 1990s, the country was in the midst of a large-scale civil war, Somalia is on the verge of a humanitarian disaster. According to experts the famine in Somalia in the early 1990s caused the deaths of nearly 300,000 residents. In December 1992, the country introduced the UN peacekeeping force that operated in the operation called “The Return of Hope.” In reality, the operation began with the landing in the capital – Mogadishu – U.S. Marines. In 1993 he launched “Operation Continue Hope.” The purpose of this operation was to capture one of the leaders of the local armed group that claimed to be the power in the country, Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
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However, it failed to catch, and the attempt to arrest his supporters over the urban battle in Mogadishu.The fighting lasted from 3 to 4 October 1993 and ended in unnecessarily large losses peacekeeping forces. The Americans lost 18 men killed and 84 wounded, and one man was captured, the rebels managed to shoot down two helicopters and destroy several cars. The operation was a complete failure and was the reason why the U.S. decided to withdraw its troops from the country. The conflict in Somalia has not yet been resolved. Yugoslavia, 1995. NATO’s military operations without UN authorization. first large-scale military operation in the history of NATO was in violation of the principles of international law. The UN Security Council did not accept the resolution, which allowed the use of military force by NATO countries.Within unfolded in the 1992 Bosnian war, Washington and its NATO allies openly anti-Serbian position occupied, acting with the support of the Bosnian Muslims. In 1995, NATO has conducted “Operation Deliberate Force”, which was accompanied by air strikes on Bosnian Serb positions. In this operation, for the first time since World War II fighter planes took part in the German Air Force. The operation resulted in the Bosnian Serb military capability has been significantly eroded, forcing their leaders to agree on a path of peaceful negotiations.
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Afghanistan and Sudan in 1998. A unilateral U.S. military strike.

In 1998, the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were committed large-scale attacks. According to U.S. intelligence, blow was previously little-known terrorist group “Al-Qaeda”. In response to these attacks, U.S. President Bill Clinton said air strikes using cruise missiles in the camps, “Al-Qaeda” in Afghanistan and a pharmaceutical factory in Sudan. At the factory, according to the American authorities, chemical weapons were manufactured. Missile strikes were carried out in the framework of “Operation Infinite Reach.” It should be noted that this factory was the largest producer of medicines in Sudan.

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Currently, historians and analysts say that the operation has been hailed Bin Laden, who joked that as a result of aviudarov killed a chicken and camels, as the inability of the U.S. to engage in a direct confrontation with his forces. That only provoked terrorist activity. In October 2000, a suicide bomber group “Al-Qaeda” blew up the U.S. destroyer USS Cole in the moment when it refueled in the port of Aden in Yemen. With the explosion killed 77 American servicemen. A year later, the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington have killed nearly three thousand civilians. Yugoslavia, 1999. The NATO intervention without the sanction of the UN. reason for the beginning of the armed intervention by the U.S. and NATO became Kosovo war, which began in 1996. Under the pretext of performing in the province of crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing, as well as non-performance requirements for the withdrawal of Serbian troops from parts of the Serbian autonomous region of Kosovo and Metohija in March 1999 launched a military operation “Allied Force”. U.S. participated in this campaign as part of “Operation Noble Anvil.” As air strikes on Bosnian Serb positions in 1995, the operation was positioned by Washington as a “humanitarian intervention.” As part of the “humanitarian intervention”, NATO aircraft for almost 2.5 months of damage not only the objects of military infrastructure, but also in the Serbian cities, civilian facilities, bridges and industrial plants. Rocket fire and air strikes subjected to Belgrade and other major cities of the country.
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A series of air strikes led to the final collapse of Yugoslavia. Total damage from the attacks was estimated at $ 1 billion. The country’s economy has suffered enormous damage. Only to industrial and social infrastructure of the attack was carried out in 1991. As a result of the bombing were completely destroyed or damaged 89 factories, 14 airports, 120 power facilities, 128 facilities service industry, hospitals, and 48 hospitals, 82 bridges, 118 and for the sake of TV repeaters, 61 tunnel and road junction, 35 churches and 29 monasteries, 18 kindergartens, 70 schools, 9 buildings of university faculties, 4 dormitories. About 500 thousand inhabitants were left without work. Civilian casualties were at least 500 people, including 88 children (without injuries). Kosovo during the operation practically gained independence. Currently, the State recognized 103 countries of the 193 UN member states (53.4%). At the same time, the two permanent members of the UN Security Council (Russia and China), as well as more third countries in the UN refuse to recognize Kosovo’s independence, for this reason, the country can not take his seat in the UN.Afghanistan, 2001 – today. The NATO intervention without the sanction of the UN. After the monstrous terrorist attacks September 11, 2001, U.S. President George W. Bush demanded that the Afghan movement “Taliban” issue of terrorist Osama bin Laden. In this case, the Taliban said the U.S. authorities repeatedly refused, as in 1998, after the terrorist attacks in Kenya and Tanzania. After that, the U.S. government initiated a military operation “Infinite Justice,” which was quickly renamed the “Enduring Freedom.” In October 2001, began bombing and rocket attack on Taliban positions of troops. Sanctions by the UN Security Council to impose a military contingent in Afghanistan – International Security Assistance Force – have been taken after the start of the operation. This armed conflict is the longest in U.S. history.Currently, the U.S. ground forces in the process of leaving the country.
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The operation can not be called successful, as to unite Afghanistan and bring him back to civilian life completely failed. During the operation about 500 thousand inhabitants became refugees, from 14 to 34 thousand people were killed. In this case, the victims of the conflict are not only the people of Afghanistan, but also the neighboring states. Americans actively use their UAVs for strikes against terrorists in Pakistan, in some cases, these air strikes killed civilians. Also, with the fall of the Taliban in the country has increased the production of drugs – opium. Iraq, in 2003, the U.S. intervention and a number of allies without issuing sanctions by the United Nations. Washington with fabricated evidence and false intelligence tried to convince the world that Iraq is actively developing weapons of mass destruction and has chemical weapons. However, the vote on the draft of the resolution proposed by the United States, did not take place. Representatives of Russia, France and China have made ​​it clear that the veto on any draft resolution that would contain an ultimatum to the possibility of the use of force against Iraq. Despite this, the U.S. and its allies in March 2003 launched “Operation Iraqi Freedom”. Already in May the same year, U.S. President George W. Bush declared the end of the active phase of the fighting. As in 1991, the Iraqi army was quickly defeated and Saddam Hussein’s regime fell, and he was later executed.
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The official date of completion of the Iraq war in 2011 is considered as a territory of the country withdrew the last U.S. military. The military campaign in Iraq has cost the U.S. 4,423 dead and 31,935 wounded, Iraqi civilian casualties is difficult to estimate, but only the number of those killed exceeded 100,000 people.After the overthrow of Saddam Hussein’s country a wave of terror. Major terrorist attacks in Iraq take place on this day. It is worth noting that the U.S. is not just overthrew Saddam Hussein’s regime, but also invested heavily in the reconstruction of the country. By 2010, U.S. investment in the construction of social and industrial infrastructure of Iraq amounted to 44.6 billion dollars. Libya, in 2011. The NATO intervention authorized by the UN Security Council. in February 2011 began in Libya riots, which escalated into a full-scale armed conflict between opposition groups and government forces led by Muammar Gaddafi. Based never proven use of aircraft to suppress peaceful protests in late February 2011 the UN Security Council adopted a resolution to impose sanctions against the official Tripoli. In March 2011, adopted another resolution that established on the territory of Libya unmanned area. After the adoption of this resolution, NATO aircraft began bombing the positions of government troops and military facilities. Officially the civil war in Libya ended with the murder in October 2011, Muammar Gaddafi.However, clashes between paramilitary groups and various militias continue to this day.

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