Where did the word “boycott”?
Unlike many other terms, you know exactly when and how there was a boycott. His appearance this term shall Englishman, a retired British Army Captain Charles Cunningham Boycott (Charles Cunningham Boycott) (1832-1897), who moved to Ireland (then – part of the UK) and became manager of the estate.The estate belonged to the large landowners (as an Englishman), who appeared in Ireland is extremely rare.
1880 was difficult for Ireland. Prior to this, Ireland has experienced several bad harvests, which led to famine and mass emigration. Irish politician Charles Parnell ParnellCharles was a leader of the Irish Land League, was in favor of land reform. Parnell called laborers working under the Boycott, require the payment of allowances of their labor. Boycott refused and even fired employees applied to him. Then he stepped in Parnell: Boycott first discovered that he could not hire new laborers to replace dismissed. To save the situation – was the time of harvest – he came with his family in the field.
Later it turned out that he and his family were victims of ostracism: they refused to serve in the local shops, the postman brought no letters to them, the neighbors refused to talk to them, etc. The word “boycott” suggested the use of a local Catholic priest who sympathized with the poor, who explained that the Greek word “stigma” has a political connotation, and “boycott” – is something special.
Boycott did not give up: he drew strikebreakers – brought from the neighboring county of 50 Irish Protestants, which was guarded by one thousand. Police job which pays the state. However, the boycott Boycott won. In 1886 Boycott left Ireland, and the word “boycott” migrated into several European languages.