Moss garden Saiho-ji. Japan
Many attractive gardens of moss can be seen in Kyoto – the ancient capital of Japan, where the mountains surrounding the city provide a constant humidity and prolonged summer rainy season create favorable conditions for the growth and survival of mosses. Perhaps the most famous of all the “kokedera” or moss temples – Temple Koinzan Sayhodzhi (Koinzan Saihoji), located at the foot of the mountains in the west Koinzan Kyoto.
Mosses are always highly valued as a traditional attribute of a Japanese garden. Some of the Japanese gardens are known in the 7th century AD. The earliest of these were based on Chinese traditions, but soon the Japanese gardens have found their own character and style, reminiscent of the Japanese landscape.
The idea of traditional garden reflects the philosophy of Shintoism, according to which the world is perceived as “filled with primeval forces of creation”
Leading the history of its origin with a modern twist since the era of feudalism in Japan (12-19 centuries), moss gardens have become part of the Japanese tradition. In Japanese, “koke” means “moss” and “dera” – “the temple sanctuary”, hence the name of the temple (the garden) moss “Kokedera.”
For a thousand years ago, Zen Buddhist monks wrote about mosses in the gardens of the temples. While the rest of the world is only now beginning to come to an understanding and attempts to sedate tranquility prevailing in the gardens of mosses.
This temple was founded in the Nara period Gyoki monk. During the internecine wars of the church was completely destroyed, and the garden was lost. In 1339, the famous Master Muso caucus began to restore the garden. After the master’s death his disciples continued to work for over a century. With the revival of the garden in it naturally began to grow mosses, and Muso caucus made the basis of the garden.
Today the garden Moss There are about 130 species. They are covered with a thick carpet of soil, rocks, bridges, islands, trees. The famous garden is located at the eastern base of the temple. In the center of the garden is a pond, which is shaped like the Chinese character “heart” or “mind” and consists of three small islands.