Facts and mysteries of the lake Baikal
Lake Baikal is known worldwide as one of the most mysterious and unusual places on our planet. Read more informative facts and learn new information about the sights of Lake Baikal.
Cape Ryty located on the western shore of Lake Baikal, in front of the widest place of the lake. For the local people this place is sacred and forbidden to the public. Under no circumstances should any of the natives does not agree to land here on the shore.
Some believe that this place was once the ancient city, as evidenced by an artificial stone wall. Others speak of the high radioactive background. Until now, the old taboos Rytom observed: Do not cut the tree, shoot the beast, or be concerned about the local spirit.
On the Cape there are no trees and no settlements, single boat without pestering the shore, float by, up to this point does not reach the highway, and there is not even a trail along the coast. For unknown reasons to visit Cape locals were taboo, and this prohibition applies in our time. Residents carefully avoid visits, calling it a cursed place, but, the conversation can tell a lot of mysterious stories related to this sacred terrain. I should add that this cape is in the territory of the Baikal-Lena Reserve, and to go ashore here, need special permission from the administration. Reserved mode in conjunction with the local shaman to visit the sacred taboos Cape did the trick: only rare single dare to go deep into the gorge, and their stories about the mysteries Rytogo turned it into the main anomalous place on Lake Baikal. Last year around this area a lot of legends. Tapping the rift valley river. Rita has anomalous features, and from ancient times to visit him taboo locals. Big reasons not to break these taboos and now, there is no point just out of curiosity to enter the “terrible and holy place” where live angry gods, sons of gods Uher, sending strong winds and probing spell on visitors to their homes. Shamanistic spells and act in our time, this is easily seen, tracing the fate of people who violated the age-old ban coming into the gorge. Many of them prematurely and unexpectedly passed away. According to local custom, you can not go past this place, not honoring the spirits Rytogo.
In the mouth of the river Angara is serving in the middle of the river, rock. In ancient times, the locals Angara endowed Shaman stone miraculous powers. According to ancient belief, it was the habitat of the host Sheds – Ama Sagaan Noyon. On the shamanic stone were particularly important shamanic rituals here to take the oath and prayed to remove the false accusation or defend their honor, here the night brought a criminal and left him alone on a cold, icy stream to the morning he confessed in the morning sodeyannom.Esli the water is not picked him up if he did not die from fear and the icy breath of Lake Baikal, forgave him. Evidence of honoring the sacred stone is studded with coins around the bottom of the Shaman stone.
Cape Khoboy (in Buryat Khoboy – “canine, molar tooth”) – the most northern cape of the island Olkhon. Spectacular columnar rock, resembling in appearance Sharp Fang, from the sea, has a marked resemblance to the profile of a woman’s head with a bust, as in ancient Greek galleys from the east and west.
The local name of the rock – Virgo. There Buryat legend that is – petrified buryatka asked an Tengri of jealousy towards her husband the same palace as granted by her husband. Tengri with the words: “As long as the earth is evil and envy, will rock” – turned it into a rock.
Cape Khoboy now elected by different theological schools for a place of meditation. On its north side, these “representatives” do not hesitate to leave marks, leaving the most prominent place Roerich sign – a red circle with three dots inside. But the true, hidden sign of the island is not that. As a symbol of shamanic stories on the northern brink of monolithic rock, not visible from land and dropped into the water at inaccessible to human height, folded in the crevices of the Cape of two huge eagle’s nest. By Buryat legends, the first to receive the gift of the shaman was the son of a formidable host, the spirit of Olkhon, who lived in the image of a bald eagle. Honoring the spirit of this bird as the island has survived to the present day.
From Cape Khoboy the legend of the dragon, which is flying over the sacred lake, dropped his fang. Falling to Khoboy canine mythological animal went deep into the ground, leaving a characteristic trace the outlines of the island. Some scholars suggest that this tradition is associated with memories of the fall of a cosmic body (perhaps a small meteorite) that happened thousands of years ago. It is a local disaster and could cause strong geomagnetic activity, which manifests itself in this part of Olkhon. Parapsychologists who frequent Khoboy, noted in the vicinity of Cape constant powerful output astral energy that is associated with numerous cases of ghostly appearance here of substance. Local residents claim that sometimes can be found on the Cape spirits of their dead ancestors, or even see their own previous incarnation. A famous spirit of the White Shaman coming out of the waters of Lake Baikal. It is believed that seeing the spirit – to a large fortune.
The place is remarkable polyphonic echo, which is reflected from a monolithic rock. Found here are rare and relict grass. In winter you can explore caves, fabulously decorated napleskovym ice and icicles transparent. They are at the water’s edge, their entrances are oriented to the north. In the rocks at the water level on the Cape, there are caves up to 22 meters, you can only view them in winter with ice.
One of the most mysterious places of Baikal – Shaman Rock on cape Burhan, consisting of white marble, granite and quartz.
Shaman formerly known as “stone-temple.” The first explorers of Lake Baikal – in particular, the famous Russian explorer Vladimir Obruchev – noted that this place is a superstitious fear of the Baikal Buryats. No one other than the shaman, had no right to approach the forbidden places. If you need forces, the horses’ hoofs wrapped felt and leather, not to disturb the peace of the clatter of the owner of Lake Baikal. Women are supposed to get the rock for two miles.
Through the rock shaman passes through a cave. By the standards of cavers, it is not so much: length – about 12 meters, width – 4.5 meters, height – 6.5 meters in some places. However, this is the cave became a center of religious worship.
The Buryats were confident that the cave cliff Shamanic ezhin lives – the owner of Lake Baikal. In ancient legends told about 13 north of Noyon – sons of divine Tengri, who came down from heaven to sit in judgment over people and have chosen different places of residence. Elder and the strongest of them Han Khute-baabay settled in a cave Shaman Rock
According to the testimony of the villagers Hunzhir, located near Cape Burhan, for centuries the cave visited shamans of many peoples who inhabited the ancient Siberia. The priests of the pagan religions were carried out in a cave rituals associated with ancestral karma cleansing and removing curses, falling into a trance, had the opportunity to contemplate the picture of the past and the future.
Big attraction for the servants of shamanic cults from time immemorial has Hercules – Cape largest Baikal island Olkhon. The ancient name of the cape – Fire – due to the fact that the first Russian travelers sailed to the island at the end of the XVI century, suddenly saw a huge column of fire in front of them proudly shot of Baikal waters to the sky. Firewall if not let strangers on the sacred ground of the island. A similar phenomenon on the Cape from time to time mentioned later.
In the words of the Buryat shaman Uirbeka know that Cape Hercules taken hold rituals associated with a spell of force elements: fire, wind and water. Up until the first quarter of the XX century among the chiefs and elders of the local tribes and villages was made to bring the Cape of newborn male infants. It was believed that he was in this place, the future leader or warrior takes on particular physical and spiritual strength and longevity is.
Not far from Lake Baikal, on the way to the paddy Tashkiney, surrounded by dense forest and hills, there is a small lake Shara-Nur, in the Buryat language means “White Lake”. Such a name it has received over the muddy color of the water is extremely saturated with hydrogen sulfide. For this reason, water nowadays attracts people suffering from diseases of the joints. They say, the disease completely goes away after a few bathing in the waters of the patient Shara-Nur. In earlier times, the local population is afraid to dive into the lake, as believed, that it inhabits a giant yellow snake – Shara Kaaya.
Local legends say: once lived in these parts brave warrior who angered the evil spirit Erkin without losing his wife, his beautiful sister. To punish the evil spirit warrior turned into a huge snake and ordered him to live forever in the waters of the lake and the lake to feed on carrion but human flesh. It is believed that this is why in Shara-Nur never find the bodies of drowned men – their eating Shara Kaaya. However, according to scientists, Shara-Nur, located more than 100 meters above sea level, is connected with Baikal network of underground tunnels through which, together with the flowing water, and leave the body drowned. However, even in our days, local hunters and anglers say that sometimes hear coming from the turbid waters of the sound, similar to the growl of the unknown giant creatures.
The highest mountain in the Agin-Buryat Autonomous District – Alkhanai (1,665 m) – is associated with the history of Buddhism, and the name of Genghis Khan.
This is one of the Buryat Buddhist shrines. At its foot is the temple of the great blessing. One of the interesting things here – a natural grotto in the roof which has a crack that goes into the depth of the rock, and it oozes out of the water, which is considered curative. Believers drink water and make offerings – corn or coins.
Buddhist monks astrological calculations have shown that this is the place to visit is the pinnacle of the middle world in which people live, the world of the Most High, where the gods live. And the main patron of the highest point of a deity Alkhani Demchog – one of the top five Buddhas, whose name in Tibetan language means eternal blessing.
Since ancient times, the Buryat and Mongolian tribes spiritualize these mesta.Na Alkhanai are 12 shrines. The most revered of them – Uuden Sume (Temple Gate). This natural arch in the rock, according to Lama, forms a channel that links our world to Shamballa. Stone brusver meter tall with surrounding path along which pilgrims go to the temple. Pilgrims pick up the trail rocks and thus facilitate the path for reaching them. Under the arch is Suburghan – a small Buddhist stupa, built in 1864.
TABLE GENGHIS KHAN
Legendary place associated with the name of the great warrior – it’s as Genghis Khan (“Genghis Khan sheree”) in the area between Ugutere and Barun-Handagay. It is a huge boulder, which, according to legend, the ancient writings were deposited. Located in the foothills of the Tunkinskie Pinnacles, 4 km west of the former Handagatayskogo datsans. Its dimensions – 8h6h1, 5 m, ovoid form below, and the top is flat.
On the north side of the “stone-chair” in size 3×1, 5 m revered by the locals scene of the Buddhist and shamanistic rituals.
Very important is embedded in the word “sheree”: it is not just a table, and the throne.
Evenk sacred place. Located in the central part of Vitimsky plateau, on the eastern outskirts of the little-Amalatskoy Basin, on the left bank of the river Bagdarinka. At the foot of the White Mountains is the center Bauntovsky Evenk district – with. Bagdarin. The village is named after the mountain – its name Evenk Bagdi-ERA (White Mountain).
The mountain – 170 m It is composed of light-gray dolomite, and therefore appears white from afar. Steep south-western slope is completely devoid of soil and vegetation. The upper part is decorated with a variety of bizarre steep rocky remains in the form of towers, pyramids, pillars.
White Mountain has the status of a sacred place. For a long time here make prayer rituals with offerings designed majestic and almighty Spirit Mountain.
Jima – the highest point of Olkhon, is a mountain 1,276 meters high above sea level. Located in the east of the island, at Cape Izhimei.
“Izhimei” goes back to the word “ezhin”, meaning “host country”. In the mythology of the ancient shamanic states of the god of thunder, offspring of the divine heaven, desired to dwell beside the famous shaman Olkhonsky The heating-bo. Later the palace mountain Jima couple moved shamans Ugete Noyon moved closer to the water’s edge.
Aboriginal people revere the mountain, treat it as a shrine. According to legend, lived on the bench gods and spirits. The top of the mountain was crowned before a hut made of wood, and pine hut was created by hands of Olkhon shamans. The embodiment of the spirit of the mountain – the gray-haired and bearded old man. Locals often told stories about zaplutali travelers, whom helped reach out to people some ancient old man.
Climbing the mountain, along with the descent will take all day, but the trail as such does not exist. Have to go while cleaning through the thick undergrowth of the forest and water sources in the way it encounters. Therefore, life-giving water is to bring along.
MOUNTAIN-BULL (Buchan’s Noyon-HEBETSHE – THE HOLY MOUNTAIN)
Mountain near the village of Torah Tunkinsky Buryatia region north of the river Irkut. Associated with the cult of the sacred ancestor of representatives of the Buryat tribal alliance bulagatov Buch Noyon – earth deity, the patron saint of the earth element and pastures, cattle breeding. The cult Buch Noyon later borrowed hongodorami. Currently on the site is carried out shamanistic and Buddhist rites all Tunkinskie Buryats.
MOUNTAIN EXE Erd
On the right bank of the river Angie just two kilometers from Lake Baikal, eight kilometers from the village Elantsy the valley rises in the shape of a dome mound height of 42 meters. The outlines of the mound, folded gneiss, granitic pegmatites, quartz veins appear to be man-made, though still geologists found no signs pointing to the fact that these plates are brought people here. No, and on the mountain Erd or several characteristic about – iconic pyramidal heaps of stones, which would indicate that in ancient times to the mountain Erd, during a celebration brought or brought stones.
Mountain exe-Erd is on the same line from Little Erdinskoy hill to the sacred mountain on the shores of Lake Baikal, the opposite of the two hills on the rocks of the left side of the valley of the river Angie well preserved rock paintings depicting animals. The antiquity of the figures provided by the fact that the bottom of them bombarded with sedimentary rocks. Ancient drawings include a large number of images and drawings running deer horned people.
Here, since 2000, after a long break in a hundred years, every four years, the Festival of Indigenous Peoples of Lake Baikal (Erdynskie game). Oral traditions about the games kept mostly Olkhon Buryats. A summary of them are as follows. Games are held at least once a year, in spring, in May, when the ground was covered with fresh herbs or twice a year, in spring and autumn. The main event at the Games performs multi-day circle dance around the hills ehor exe Erd. To cover the hill completely around the perimeter of the dance, you should have at menee700 participants. When the festival was not going to so many people, the games were considered unsuccessful and came went home.In accordance with this, the whole year admitted failure, not carrying people happiness and wealth. When going to a lot of people, up to 2 – 3 thousand people were in the game for a few days, and dance ehor danced around the hills, day and night, and during the celebration of dance wear out several pairs of shoes. During the festival, the mountain climbing Erd only shamans, no one else had such a right.
HOW TO GET THERE
Most of the sacred places of Baikal is located on the legendary island of Olkhon, which is a center of pilgrimage for tourists from all over the world. Here are the Cape Khoboy Shaman Rock, Cape Hercules, Mount Jima, Lake Shara-Nur.On the way to the island of Olkhon, crossing the unearthly landscape Tazheransk steppe, you can turn to the holy mountain of exe-Erdo.
To reach the lake from Irkutsk to Olkhon possible by car Kachug tract.
By car: on Kachug path from Irkutsk through naslennye items Oek, Ust-Orda, Bayanday, Bias Steppe Elantsy, Sahyurte (MPC). Distance to the ferry terminal in p.Sahyurte – 250 km by paved road. Ferry service runs daily from 7-30 am to 22-00 with an interval of 30 minutes in the period from May to October. From the ferry to pos.Huzhir laid improved gravel road length of 45 km.
By bus: from May to October to the village. Huzhir (Olkhon) via bus service to the ferry. Departure from Irkutsk daily at 10.00 from the bus station (Oktyabrskaya Revolution, 11 ost.Avtovokzal, tram number 4). Time 8 hours. In the opposite direction of the bus Khuzhir otrpavlyaetsya to eliminate 8-45.
By Water: You can get to p.Huzhir from Irkutsk on the ship “Barguzine.” Departure in the summer (mid-June) every day at 9:00 am from the dock “Rocket” in m / p Sunny (remaining “Rocket”, the authors. № 16). Time 6 hours.
Sacred place of Bull Mountain is located in a picturesque valley near the village of Tunkinskaya Torah. Distance from Irkutsk to this sacred place is about 180 km. To the foot of the mountain can be reached by car and then climb will take about 1.5 hours.
The most popular and well-known among tourists a place of power – Shaman Stone, located at the source of the Angara River near the village of Listvyanka.
In addition to the natural, the Baikal region has a large number of Buddhist and shamanistic power places (datsans stupas about) that require separate disclosure.